Cardiovascular Comorbidity in Chronic Lung Disease: Epidemiology, Clinical Manifestations, and Diagnosis

  • Surya P. BhattEmail author
Part of the Respiratory Medicine book series (RM)


Chronic lung diseases account for a substantial amount of morbidity and disability. Chronic lung diseases and cardiovascular disease are both very prevalent but their co-existence is not explained by chance but by the risk of atherosclerosis and deranged cardiopulmonary interactions conferred by the presence of chronic lung disease. A low index of suspicion should be maintained to evaluate for chronic lung or cardiovascular disease when one of these is present, especially when symptoms and functional impairment is deemed to be out of proportion for the existing diagnosis.


Chronic lung disease Coronary artery disease Congestive heart failure Epidemiology 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care MedicineUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

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