Advertisement

Protection of Microgrid with Ideal Optimization Differential Algorithm

  • P. M. KhandareEmail author
  • S. A. Deokar
  • A. M. Dixit
Conference paper
  • 45 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 49)

Abstract

This paper process DWT (Discrete wavelet transform)-differential algorithm for optimal relay coordination issue for the microgrid. This solution works for grid-connected as well as the disconnected mode of operation. Coordination among relays of the microgrid is a complex part to handle, as the insertion of DG causes a bidirectional flow of current. Propelled protection strategies including DWT analysis of short circuit current can give bright and savvy methods for protection. Previous work has been applied with the differential algorithm on grid-connected and islanded mode, but one major deficiency is an increase in operating time of primary and secondary relay which further decreases the reliability of Microgrid. The proposed system relies on DWT-differential Analysis based approach which removes all unwanted noise and bandwidth from fault signal and differential analysis helps to select the best pair of a relay. The issue is designed as a Non-linear programming problem to limit altogether working Relay time. The Scheme is tested with IEEE 9 bus system. The comparative analysis is carried out with two traditional methods, the result shows that it accomplishes a sensational decrease in working time in the primary and secondary (backup) relay.

Keywords

Protection Relay coordination Differential analysis DWT 

References

  1. 1.
    Tripathi, J.M., Adhishree, Krishan, R: Optimal coordination of overcurrent relays using gravitational search algorithm with DG penetration. In: 6th IEEE Power India International Conference (PIICON), Delhi, 5–7 December 2014Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Urdaneta, A.J., Nadira, R., Perez, L.G., et al.: Optimal coordination of directional overcurrent relays in interconnected power systems. IEEE Trans. Power Delivery 3(3), 903–911 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Smith, T.F., Waterman, M.S.: Identification of common molecular subsequences. J. Mol. Biol. 147, 195–197 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Barker, P.P., de Mello, R.W.: Determining the impact of distributed generation on power systems part I- radial distribution systems. IEEE Trans. Power Delivery 15, 486–493 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fazanehrafat, A., Javadian, S.A.M., Batbee, S.M.T, Haghifam, M.R.: Maintaining the recloser-fuse coordination in distribution systems in presence of DG by determining DG size. In: Proceedings of the IET 9th International Conference on Developments in Power System Protection (DPSP), pp. 132–137, March 2008Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chowdhury, A., Koval, D.: Power Distribution System Reliability: Practical Methods and Applications. Wiley-IEEE, Hoboken (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Srinivas, S.T.P., Swarup, K.S.: A hybrid GA - interval linear programming implementation for microgrid relay coordination considering different fault locations. IEEE (2017). 978–1-5386-1789-2/17Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Choudhary, N.K., Mohanty, S.R.: Protection coordination of over current relays in distribution system with DG and superconducting fault current limiter. IEEE (2014). 978-1-4799-5141-3/14Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Alkaran, D.S., Vatani, M.R., Sanjari, M.J., Gharehpetian, G.B., Naderi, M.S.: Optimal overcurrent relay coordination in interconnected networks by using fuzzy-based GA method. IEEE Trans. Smart Grid 9(4), 3091–3101 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Xu, K., Liao, Y.: Intelligent method for online adaptive optimum coordination of overcurrent relays. IEEE (2018). 978-1-7281-0316-7/18Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bedekar, P.P., Bhide, S.R.: Optimum coordination of overcurrent relays in distribution system using genetic algorithm. In: 2009 Third International Conference on Power Systems, Kharagpur, India, 27–29 December 2009 (2009). ICPS – 247Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zeineldin, H., Sharaf, H.M., Ibrahim, D.K., Abou El Zahab, E.E.: Optimal protection coordination for meshed distribution systems with DG using dual setting directional overcurrent relays. IEEE Trans. Smart Grid 6(1), 115–123 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Singh, D.K., Gupta, S.: Use of genetic algorithms (GA) for optimal coordination of directional over current relays. IEEE (2012). 978-1-4673-0455-9/12Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gao, W., Ning, J.: Wavelet-based disturbance analysis for power system wide-area monitoring. IEEE Trans. Smart Grid 2(1), 121–130 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Storn, R., Price, K.: Differential evolution a simple and efficient heuristic for global optimization over continuous spaces. J. Global Optim. 11(4), 341–359 (1997)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sharma, A., Panigrahi, B.K.: Optimal relay coordination suitable for grid-connected and islanded operational modes of microgrid. In: IEEE INDICON (2015). 1570185643Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hoyo-Montaño, J.A., et al.: Non-intrusive electric load identification using wavelet transform. Ingeniería e Investigación 38(2), 42–51 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of TechnologySPPUPuneIndia
  2. 2.ZCOERPuneIndia

Personalised recommendations