Molecular Imaging in Oncology: Advanced Microscopy Techniques

  • Dimitrios Kapsokalyvas
  • Marc A. M. J. van ZandvoortEmail author
Part of the Recent Results in Cancer Research book series (RECENTCANCER, volume 216)


Preclinical studies usually require high levels of morphological, functional, and biochemical information at subcellular resolution. This type of information cannot be obtained from clinical imaging techniques, such as MRI, PET/CT, or US. Luckily, many microscopy techniques exist that can offer this information, also for malignant tissues and therapeutic approaches. In this overview, we discuss the various advanced optical microscopy techniques and their applications in oncological research. After a short introduction in Sect. 16.1, we continue in Sect. 16.2 with a discussion on fluorescent labelling strategies, followed in Sect. 16.3 by an in-depth description of confocal, light-sheet, two-photon, and super-resolution microscopy. We end in Sect. 16.4 with a focus on the applications, specifically in oncology.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dimitrios Kapsokalyvas
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marc A. M. J. van Zandvoort
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School for Oncology and Developmental Biology GROW and School for Cardiovascular Diseases CARIMMaastricht UniversityMaastrichtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Institut für Molekulare Kreislaufforschung, Universitätsklinikum AachenAachenGermany

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