Design of Robust Response Time Based Controller for Regulation of Frequency of an Isolated Micro-grid

  • Badal KumarEmail author
  • Ganesh Ketha
  • Loitongbam Surajkumar Singh
  • Shuma Adhikari
  • Nidul Sinha
Conference paper
Part of the Learning and Analytics in Intelligent Systems book series (LAIS, volume 12)


This paper describes the management of a self-sufficient confined micro-grid (MG) including both controllable and uncontrollable sources, having such sources Like the diesel engine generator (DEG), flywheel (FW), battery storage system (BSS), fuel cell (FC), water electrolyzer (WE), wind and solar are used. Wind, solar, FC and DEG have power producing source and WE, FW, BSS as an energy storage component. The created hydrogen through a Water Electrolyzer is utilized like fuel of an FC. The power system’s frequency fluctuates for the unexpected change in load burden and a real power. The exit power of DEG, FC, BSS, FW, and power consumed by WE is directed through utilizing a controller with the end goal that the frequency is under control. Compensator is proportional integral derivative (PID) utilized through a Technique of Robust Response Time. Robust Response Time (RRT) is utilized for adjusting of planned micro grid’s gains of PID. This employ the Chien-horns-Resnick (CHR) setting with 20% peak shoot. The performance of RRT based PID strategy is contrasted with MB-LDR and CLASSICAL methods and the outcome of RRT technique PID have got preferable result than the existing two methods of PID controller.


Robust Response Time Solar supply Wind supply Fuel cell Flywheel Microgrid Optimal tuning Frequency control 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Badal Kumar
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ganesh Ketha
    • 1
  • Loitongbam Surajkumar Singh
    • 1
  • Shuma Adhikari
    • 2
  • Nidul Sinha
    • 3
  1. 1.Electronics and Communication Engineering DepartmentNational Institute of Technology ManipurImphalIndia
  2. 2.Electrical Engineering DepartmentNational Institute of Technology ManipurImphalIndia
  3. 3.Electrical Engineering DepartmentNational Institute of Technology SilcharSilcharIndia

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