A Survey on Improving the Solar Efficiency

  • Arpan GhatakEmail author
  • Bidhan Malakar
Conference paper
Part of the Learning and Analytics in Intelligent Systems book series (LAIS, volume 12)


This paper presents a concise survey on improving the efficiency of PV (Photo Voltaic) module. The use of solar energy is increasing day by day and it’s demand is also increasing as compared with the other available renewable sources across the world. The use of solar energy can fulfil the additional energy requirement and the research on increasing it’s efficiency is in progress. The main basis for increasing the efficiency of solar energy is to first improve the efficiency of a solar cell. This paper provides a review on the solar concentration methods used for improving the solar efficiency. Solar concentration method is found to be a suitable method to improve the solar efficiency among all the efficiency improvement methods. It is also mentioned in the literature, that this concentration method has a greater efficiency. It thus, becomes a necessity to explore this concentration method so that the solar efficiency can be increased and to maximise it’s use for different applications worldwide.


Renewable energy Solar energy Solar concentration method Semi-permeable membrane Maximum power point tracking technique 


  1. 1.
    Liu, J., Zuo, J., Zillante, G., Chen, X.: Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, pp. 230–237 (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bull, S.R.: Renewable energy today and tomorrow. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Manag. Proc. IEEE 89(8), 1216–1226 (2001)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fetter, S.: Energy 2050. Bull. At. Sci. 56(4), 28–39 (2000)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Geothermal Engineering Limited.
  5. 5.
    Konjare, S.S., Shrivastava, R.L., Chadge, R.B., Kumar, V.: Efficiency improvement of PV module by way of effective cooling - a review. In: 2015 International Conference on Industrial Instrumentation and Control (ICIC), Pune, pp. 1008–1011 (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sewang, Y., Valan, G., Dave, R.: Reduced temperature dependence of high-concentration Photovoltaic solar cell open-circuit voltage (VOC) at high concentration levels. In: IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (1994)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dalal, V.L.: Design considerations for high-intensity solar cells. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 1244–1251 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yoshino, T., et al.: Power electronics conserves the environment for better future. In: Proceedings of PESC, June 2008, pp. XCIX–CIV (2008)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yoshino, T., et al.: MW-rated power electronics for sustainable and low carbon industrial revolution. In: Proceedings of ISIE, 4–7 July 2010, pp. 3811–3816 (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Guha, S.: Manufacturing technology of amorphous and nanocrystalline silicon solar cells. In: Physics of Semiconductor Devices, IWPSD (2007)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Delucchi, M., Jacobson, M.: Bull. At. Sci. 69(4), 30–40 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Country Comparison: Electricity – Consumption, CIA (2013). Accessed 19 November 2014Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    IEA PVPS Snapshot of Global PV 2019 (PDF). IEAGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Neamen, D.: Semiconductor Device Physics: Basic Principles, 4th edn. McGraw-Hill, New York (2012)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Würfel, P.: Physics of Solar Cells. WILEY-VCH Verlag, Weinheim (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Conibeer, G.: Mater. Today 10, 42 (2007)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shockley, W., Queisser, H.J.: J. Appl. Phys. 32, 510 (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bostan, V., Tudorache, T., Colt, G.: Improvement of solar radiation absorption of a PV panel using a plane low concentration system. In: 2017 10th International Symposium on Advanced Topics in Electrical Engineering (ATEE), Bucharest, pp. 778–781 (2017)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Amanlou, Y., Hashjin, T.T., Ghobadian, B., Najafi, G., Mamat, R.: A comprehensive review of uniform solar illumination at low concentration photovoltaic (LCPV) systems. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 60, 1430–1441 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Alboteanu, I.L., Bulucea, C.A., Degeratu, S.: Estimating solar irradiation absorbed by photovoltaic panels with low concentration located in Craiova, Romania. Sustainability 7, 2644–2661 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Huang, B.J., Sun, F.S.: Feasibility study of one axis three positions tracking solar PV with low concentration ratio reflector. Sci. Direct Energy Convers. Manag. 48, 1273–1280 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Abdolzadeh, M., Ameri, M.: Improving the effectiveness of a photovoltaic water pumping system by spraying water over the front of photovoltaic cells. Renew. Energy 34, 91–96 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wilson, E.: Theoretical and operational thermal performance of a ‘wet’ crystalline silicon PV module under Jamaican condition. Renew. Energy 34, 1655–1660 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Akbarzadeh, A., Wadowski, T.: Heat pipe-based cooling systems for photovoltaic cells under concentrated solar radiation. Appl. Therm. Eng. 16, 81–87 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Faranda, R., Leva, S., Lazaroiu, G.C.: Productivity comparison and performance improvement of a concentrated photovoltaic. In: 2015 IEEE 15th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering (EEEIC), Rome, pp. 1073–1077 (2015)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringJIS College of EngineeringKalyaniIndia

Personalised recommendations