Sine-Cosine Algorithm Based Automatic Load-Frequency Control of Hybrid Microgrid with Demand Side Management

  • Mausri BhuyanEmail author
  • Dulal Chandra Das
  • Amar Kumar Barik
Conference paper
Part of the Learning and Analytics in Intelligent Systems book series (LAIS, volume 12)


This work proposes an isolated hybrid microgrid with controllable loads for frequency control with demand-side management using Sine-cosine algorithm (SCA). The proposed microgrid includes solar thermal and wind-based renewable units, Diesel generator along with some controllable loads like Heat-pumps, Hybrid electric vehicles, and Freezers for demand-side management. The model is designed in MATLAB by taking into consideration of all the controllable and the critical loads. Initially, the system responses are simulated using Particle swarm optimization (PSO) and SCA, which interprets the superior performance of SCA over PSO. Further results are discussed using SCA optimized PID controllers to study the optimal frequency responses of the proposed microgrid in some specified scenarios to validate the system robustness.


Hybrid microgrid Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Freezer Heat-pump Plugged-in-hybrid electric vehicle Sine-cosine algorithm Renewable Energy Sources (RES) 



Authors would like to thank TEQIP III, NIT Silchar for all the supports for carrying out the presented work in this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mausri Bhuyan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dulal Chandra Das
    • 1
  • Amar Kumar Barik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringNIT SilcharSilcharIndia

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