Development of Control and Drive Circuitry Using PIC18F67K22 Microcontroller for Bi-Directional Buck-Boost Converter Driven Electric Vehicles

  • Soumen DuttaEmail author
  • Sk Abdul Mahasin
  • Sondipan Maiti
  • Archak Sadhukhan
  • S. S. Saha
Conference paper
Part of the Learning and Analytics in Intelligent Systems book series (LAIS, volume 12)


Bidirectional PWM DC-DC converters are widely used in Electric Vehicles (EV) for the provision of smooth speed control as well as efficient recovery of electrical energy through regenerative braking of the motor. This paper proposes a control and drive circuitry for the bidirectional buck-boost converter with wide voltage gain, as suitable for EVs. The control circuit has been realized with a PIC18F67K22 Microcontroller and the driver circuits have been developed on separate PCBs using TLP250 opto-drivers. Performance of the controller and driver circuits has been tested in the laboratory by driving a bidirectional dc-dc buck-boost converter with d.c. supply of 24 V and 6 V–400 V motor terminal voltage. All experimental results were found in close agreement with the predicted behavior.


Driver circuits Duty ratio PIC18F67K22 Microcontroller PWM Voltage gain 



The authors would like to acknowledge Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of West Bengal for financial assistance under WBDST-FIST Program to carry out this work.


  1. 1.
    India Today Web Desk. New Delhi, 7 March 2019; UPDATED: 7 March 2019 15:37 ISTGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lee, I.-O., Lee, J.-Y.: A high-power DC-DC converter topology for battery charging applications. Energies 10, 449–728 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kang, T., Kim, C., Suh, Y., Park, H., Kang, B., Kim, D.: A design and control of bi-directional non-isolated DC-DC converter for rapid electric vehicle charging system. In: IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Orlando, FL, USA (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhang, Y., Gao, Y., Li, J., Sumner, M.: Interleaved switched-capacitor bidirectional DC-DC converter with wide voltage-gain range for energy storage systems. IEEE Trans. Power Electron. 33, 3852–3869 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cheng, T., Dah-Chuan Lu, D., Qin, L.: Non-isolated single-inductor DC/DC converter with fully reconfigurable structure for renewable energy applications. IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Il: Express Briefs 65, 315–319 (2018)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dusmez, S., Hasanzadeh, A., Khaligh, A.: Loss analysis of non-isolated bidirectional DC/DC converters for hybrid energy storage system in EV. In: International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE), Istanbul, Turkey (2014)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tank, S.B., Manavar, K., Adroja, N.: Non-isolated bi-directional DC-DC converters for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle charge station application. In: International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development (IJAERD), India (2015)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dogra, A., Pal, K.: Design of buck-boost converter for constant voltage applications and its transient response due to parametric variation of PI controller. In: International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Himachal Pradesh, India (2014)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gomathi, K., Mala, A.: Simulation and comparision of back to back system using bidirectional isolated DC-DC converter with active energy storage. Int. J. Electr. Eng. 5, 231–238 (2012)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Karuppiah, M., Karthikumar, K., Arunbulj, A.: A transformer less buck-boost converter with PID controller (closed loop controller). In: IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Techniques in Control, Optimization and Signal Processing (INCOS), India (2017)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Serna-Garcés, S.I., Montoya, D.G., Ramos-Paja, C.A.: Control of a charger/discharger DC/DC converter with improved disturbance rejection for bus regulation. In: Energies, MDPI, Colombia (2013)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pany, P., Singh, R.K., Tripathi, R.K.: Bidirectional DC-DC converter fed drive for electric vehicle system. Int. J. Eng. Sci. Technol. 3, 101–110 (2017)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Samanta, A., Pal, A., Saha, S.S.: A new wide range voltage gain DC/DC converter for SPV water pumping system. In: CISBA, India (2018)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soumen Dutta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sk Abdul Mahasin
    • 1
  • Sondipan Maiti
    • 1
  • Archak Sadhukhan
    • 1
  • S. S. Saha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringKalyani Government Engineering CollegeNadiaIndia

Personalised recommendations