Eleanor Roosevelt in Yugoslavia Between Wedge Strategy and Cold War Internationalism
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This chapter looks at Eleanor Roosevelt’s 1953 visit to Yugoslavia from a two-fold perspective: first, as an affirmation of the new US partnership with Yugoslavia; second, as a personal and public diplomacy initiative by Eleanor Roosevelt. The visit, indeed, represented a proactive wedge strategy policy toward Yugoslavia. The chapter also points out that by looking at the Yugoslav socialist experiment, Mrs. Roosevelt, before many others, understood the existence of different communist paths and the importance of communicating with them. This was reflected in Eleanor Roosevelt’s post-visit writings on Yugoslavia. Finally, the chapter will stress how both Eleanor Roosevelt and the Yugoslav leaders shared much UN activism, particularly on disarmament issues, which helped deepen their relationship further.