Stratified Test Alleviates Batch Effects in Single-Cell Data
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Analyzing single-cell sequencing data across batches is challenging. We find that the Van Elteren test, a stratified version of Wilcoxon rank-sum test, elegantly mitigates the problem. We also modified the common language effect size to supplement this test, further improving its utility. On both simulated and real patient data we show the ability of Van Elteren test to control for false positives and false negatives. The effect size also estimates the differences between cell types more accurately.
KeywordsscRNA-seq analysis Differential expression analysis Batch effect Wilcoxon rank-sum test Van Elteren test