Iconic Resistance: Germany

  • Martijn de KoningEmail author
  • Carmen Becker
  • Ineke Roex


From 2011 until 2014, militant daʿwa networks in Germany went through different phases of coherence and division. Until their demise with increasing bans and arrests starting in 2015, they tried to assert their ideas about society and living an ethical life in public spaces by different forms of counter-conducts shaped by connective action, spectacle activism, space claiming and solidarity. Their repertoire of action bolstered by the perspective of concepts and notions from the discursive tradition of Islam produced an iconography of resistance which circulated as audiovisual material on social media channels and spoke to different Muslim identities. Since 2017, militant daʿwa activism has decreased with a few preachers remaining active on social media and/or in private retreating from the public sphere while the general attention has been drawn towards the question of fighters returning from Syria and Iraq.


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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Radboud University NijmegenNijmegenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Leibniz University HannoverHannoverGermany
  3. 3.NTA ConsultancyAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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