Advertisement

Iconic Resistance: Germany

  • Martijn de KoningEmail author
  • Carmen Becker
  • Ineke Roex
Chapter
  • 3 Downloads

Abstract

From 2011 until 2014, militant daʿwa networks in Germany went through different phases of coherence and division. Until their demise with increasing bans and arrests starting in 2015, they tried to assert their ideas about society and living an ethical life in public spaces by different forms of counter-conducts shaped by connective action, spectacle activism, space claiming and solidarity. Their repertoire of action bolstered by the perspective of concepts and notions from the discursive tradition of Islam produced an iconography of resistance which circulated as audiovisual material on social media channels and spoke to different Muslim identities. Since 2017, militant daʿwa activism has decreased with a few preachers remaining active on social media and/or in private retreating from the public sphere while the general attention has been drawn towards the question of fighters returning from Syria and Iraq.

References

  1. Amir-Moazami, Schirin. 2011. Pitfalls of consensus-oriented dialogue. The German Islam Conference (Deutsche Islam Konferenz). Approaching Religion 1: 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Becker, Carmen. 2013. Learning to Be Authentic. Religious Practices of German and Dutch Muslims Following the Salafiyya in Forums and Chat Rooms. Dissertation. Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands.Google Scholar
  3. Bennett, Lance, and Alexandra Segerberg. 2012. The Logic of Connective Action. Information, Communication & Society 15: 739–768.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cook, David. 2002. Hadith, Authority and the End of the World: Traditions in Modern Muslim Apocalyptic Literature. Oriente Moderno 21: 32–53.Google Scholar
  5. De Koning, Martijn, Joas Wagemakers, and Carmen Becker. 2014. Salafisme. Utopische idealen in een weerbarstige praktijk. Almere: Parthenon.Google Scholar
  6. Flade, Florian, and Kristian, Frigel. 2012. Wie der Staat Salafisten aus Solingen verjagt. Die Welt. 14 June. http://www.welt.de/politik/deutschland/article106594594/Wie-der-Staat-Salafisten-aus-Solingen-verjagt.html. Accessed 10 Sep 2019.
  7. Haines, Herbert H. 2013. Radical flank effects. In The Wiley-Blackwell encyclopedia of social and political movements, ed. David A. Snow, Donatella della Porta, Bert Klandermans, and Doug McAdam, 1048–1049. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
  8. Hawickhorst, Katrin. 2011. § 129a StGB – Ein feindstrafrechtlicher Irrweg zur Terrorismusbekämpfung: Kritische Analyse einer prozessualen Schlüsselnorm im materiellen Recht. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Johnston, Hank. 1995. A methodology for frame analysis: From discourse to cognitive schemata. In Social Movements and Culture, ed. Hank Johnston and Bert Klandermans, 217–247. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Lewicki, Aleksandram, Melanie Möller, Jonas Richter, and Henriette Röscher. 2012. Religiöse Gegenwartskultur: Zwischen Integration und Abgrenzung. Münster: LIT Verlag.Google Scholar
  11. Metzger, Albrecht. 2012a. Zwischen Duldung und Verbot. Der Dschihad in Europa. Deutschlandfunk, October 28. http://www.deutschlandfunk.de/zwischen-duldung-und-verbot.724.de.html?dram:article_id=225847. Accessed 18 Sep 2014.
  12. ———. 2012b. Heavy on populism, light on strategic thinking. The response to the Salafist movement in Germany. Qantara.de. http://en.qantara.de/content/the-response-to-the-salafist-movement-in-germany-heavy-on-populism-light-on-strategic. Accessed 1 Sep 2014.
  13. Peter, Frank. 2010. Welcoming Muslims to the nation. In Muslims in the West after 9/11. Religion, politics and law, ed. Jocelyne Cesari, 119–144. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Schiffauer, Werner. 2000. Die Gottesmänner. Türkische Islamisten in Deutschland. Eine Studie zur Herstellung religiöser Evidenz. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp Verlag.Google Scholar
  15. Steinberg, Guido. 2013. German Jihad. New York: Columbia University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Wiedl, Nina. 2012. The making of a German Salafiyya. The emergence, development and missionary work of Salafi movements in Germany. Aarhus: Centre for Studies in Islamism and Radicalisation.Google Scholar
  17. ———. 2014. Geschichte des Salafismus in Deutschland. In Salafismus. Auf der Suche nach dem wahren Islam, ed. Behnam T. Said and Hazim Fouad, 411–441. Freiburg, Basel, Wien: Herder.Google Scholar
  18. Wiedl, Nina, and Carmen Becker. 2014. Populäre Prediger im deutschen Salafismus. Hassan Dabbagh, Pierre Vogel, Sven Lau und Ibrahim Abou Nagie. In Salafismus in Deutschland. Ursprünge und Gefahren einer islamisch-fundamentalistischen Bewegung, ed. Thorsten Gerald Schneiders, 187–215. Bielefeld: Transcript.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Radboud University NijmegenNijmegenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Leibniz University HannoverHannoverGermany
  3. 3.NTA ConsultancyAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations