The Role of Fungi and Genes for the Removal of Environmental Contaminants from Water/Wastewater Treatment Plants

  • Asmaa M. M. Mawad
  • Abd El-Latif HeshamEmail author
  • Sardar Khan
  • Javed Nawab
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)


Globally fungi have the ecological and biochemical capability to reduce organic and inorganic chemicals and to decrease the risk associated with contaminants, either by chemical alteration or by manipulating chemical bioavailability in wastewater. Moreover, the abundance functional gene seemed to reflect the type of the contamination. With optimized assays, the gene abundances can be used to assess bioremediation efficacy. Since the DNA-based PCR methods are faster than long laboratory incubation for mineralization assays, they provide an additional efficient tool in the monitoring of bioremediation efficiency.


Wastewater treatment Bioremediation Biodegradation Functional genes Fungi 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Asmaa M. M. Mawad
    • 1
    • 2
  • Abd El-Latif Hesham
    • 3
    Email author
  • Sardar Khan
    • 4
  • Javed Nawab
    • 5
  1. 1.Biology Department, College of ScienceTaibah UniversityAl-Madinah Al-MunawwarahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of ScienceAssiu UniversityAssiutEgypt
  3. 3.Department of Genetics, Faculty of AgricultureBeni-Suef UniversityBeni-SuefEgypt
  4. 4.Department of Environmental SciencesUniversity of PeshawarPeshawarPakistan
  5. 5.Department of Environmental SciencesAbdul Wali Khan University MardanMardanPakistan

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