The Language of ‘Misogyny Hate Crime’: Politics, Policy and Policing

  • Louise MullanyEmail author
  • Loretta Trickett
Part of the Communicating in Professions and Organizations book series (PSPOD)


This chapter takes an innovative approach to investigate data from a research consultancy focusing on evaluating a newly introduced policing policy of ‘Misogyny Hate Crime'. The language politics behind the naming of the policy is investigated, including police officers’ reactions when implementing the policy, along with the linguistic reporting of hate crimes by victims to police, assessing how victims evaluate the reporting process and follow-up interactions. We draw upon survey data, interviews and focus groups to assess how victims narrate and reflect upon their experiences of interacting face-to-face with police officers, with police call handlers and with professionals working for organisations including the Crown Prosecution Service. Whilst our data are taken from a UK context, the findings have far-reaching applicability in terms of how members of the police and legal professions can work to ensure that victims are satisfied with the outcome of the criminal justice process.


  1. BBC. (2018). Misogyny Hate Crime in Nottinghamshire Gives ‘Shocking’ Results. BBC Online. [Online]. Retrieved August 25, 2019., from
  2. Bou-Franch, P., & Blitvich, P. G.-C. (2014). Gender Ideology and Social Identity Processes in Online Language Aggression Against Women. In P. Bou-Franch (Ed.), Exploring Language Aggression Against Women (pp. 59–81). Amsterdam: Benjamins.Google Scholar
  3. Boyle, A., & Todd, C. (2003). Incidence and Prevalence of Domestic Violence in a UK Emergency Department. Emergency Medicine Journal, 20(5), 438–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brooks, L. (2018). UK Police Chiefs Urged to Adopt Harassment of Women as Hate Crime. The Guardian. [Online]. Retrieved August 25, 2019, from
  5. Brown, B. (2016). Wolf-Whistling a Hate Crime? What an Insult to Real Victims of Abuse. Mail Online. [Online]. Retrieved August 25, 2019, from
  6. Crown Prosecution Service. (2019). Hate Crime. [Online]. Retrieved August 25, 2019, from
  7. CSEW. (2018). Crime Survey for England and Wales. Office for National Statistics. [Online]. Retrieved August 25, 2019, from
  8. D’Cruze, S., & Crewe, I. (2014). Everyday Violence in Britain. Oxon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. Hamilton, P., Poysner, B., & Trickett, L. (2017). Nottinghamshire Police Victim Satisfaction Research Report. Nottingham: Nottinghamshire Police.Google Scholar
  10. Hanmer, J., & Itzin, C. (2013). Home Truths About Domestic Violence: Feminist Truths about Policies and Practices. Oxon: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hardaker, C., & McGlashan, M. (2016). “Real Men Don’t Hate Women”: Twitter Rape Threats and Group Identity. Journal of Pragmatics, 91, 80–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jane, E. (2016). “Back to the Kitchen, Cunt”: Speaking the Unspeakable About Online Misogyny. Cultural Journal of Media and Studies, 28(4), 558–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jordan, J. (2011). Here We Go Round the Review-Go-Round: Rape Investigation and Prosecution: Are Things Getting Worse Not Better? Journal of Sexual Aggression, 17(3), 234–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Joseph, J. (2013). Language and Politics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Kearl, H. (2010). Stop Street Harassment: Making Public Places Safe and Welcoming for Women. ABC-CLIO.Google Scholar
  16. Labov, W. (2013). The Language of Life and Death: The Transformation of Experience in Oral Narrative. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Law Commission. (2019). Hate Crime: Background to Our Review. London: Law Commission.Google Scholar
  18. Lees, J., & Gregory, J. (1999). Policing Sexual Assault. Oxon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Loftus, B. (2008). Dominant Culture Interrupted: Recognition, Resentment and the Politics of Change in an English Police Force. The British Journal of Criminology, 48(6), 756–777.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mullany, L. (forthcoming). The Sociolinguistics of Gender in Public Life. Basingstoke: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  21. Mullany, L., & Trickett, L. (2018a). Misogyny Hate Crime: Research Evaluation Report. Nottingham: Nottingham Women’s Centre.Google Scholar
  22. Mullany, L., & Trickett, L. (2018b). Misogyny Hate Crime: New Research Reveals True Scale of Issue – and How the Public Are United Against It. The Conversation. [Online]. Retrieved August 25, 2019, from
  23. Nottinghamshire Police. (2016). Hate Crime: Misogyny 2016. Nottingham: Nottinghamshire Police.Google Scholar
  24. Nottinghamshire Police. (2019). Hate Crime. [Online]. Retrieved August 25, 2019, from
  25. Trickett, L., & Mullany, L. (2018). Misogyny Hate Crime. The Law Society Gazette. [Online]. Retrieved August 25, 2018, from
  26. Walters, M. A., & Tumath, J. (2014). Gender ‘Hostility’, Rape, and the Hate Crime Paradigm. The Modern Law Review, 77(4), 563–596.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Yang, J. (2007). Deficient Mouth: Discourse, Gender and Domestic Violence in Urban China. Gender and Language, 1(1), 107–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of NottinghamNottinghamUK
  2. 2.Nottingham Trent UniversityNottinghamUK

Personalised recommendations