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Entrainment

  • Afshin J. Ghajar
Chapter
  • 14 Downloads
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)

Abstract

This chapter briefly presents the entrainment mechanisms and the different correlations used to predict liquid entrainment fraction in gas–liquid annular flow. An illustrative example for calculation of liquid entrainment fraction is also provided.

Keywords

Two-phase flow Gas-liquid Air-water Horizontal flow Vertical upward flow Upward inclined flow Pipe orientation Entrainment Entrainment mechanisms Liquid entrainment fraction Annular flow High system pressure Weber number Predictor and corrector technique Correlations 

References

  1. Bhagwat SM, Ghajar AJ (2015b) Modified liquid entrainment fraction correlation for varying pipe orientation and system pressure. Int J Multiphase Flow 74:1–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cioncolini A, Thome JR (2012) Entrained liquid fraction prediction in adiabatic and evaporating annular two-phase flow. Nucl Eng Des 243:200–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ishii M, Grolmes MA (1975) Inception criteria for droplet entrainment in two-phase concurrent film flow. AICHE J 21:308–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ishii M, Mishima K (1989) Droplet entrainment correlation in annular two-phase flow. Int J Heat Mass Transf 32:1835–1846CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Afshin J. Ghajar
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringOklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA

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