Advertisement

Findings From an Intervention on the Prevention of Sexual Abuse of Children From Mayan Communities in Mexico

  • Reyna Faride Peña CastilloEmail author
  • Dora Adolfina Ayora Talavera
Chapter
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

The University Unit of the Victimology Clinic and Research (UNIVICT) from the Autonomous University of Yucatan (UADY) in southeastern Mexico has designed, implemented, and evaluated a program to prevent child sexual abuse called “Word of mouth: No one touches my body.” Its objective was to develop children’s skills for detecting situations involving sexual abuse risk and protection strategies to prevent it. The program identified that the most vulnerable population corresponded to children from 5 to 10 years old. Some of the reasons for their vulnerability that were discovered through this process are the developmental characteristics typical of the phase they are in regarding relationships with people who could present a high risk. Moreover, the children do not always consider their parents trustworthy people to go to for help, as well as the difficulties in identifying risk situations related to keeping secrets without having alternatives of how to act if confronted with them. This article aims to present the program evaluation that was carried out two years after its application. The results show the achieved scope of the program’s primary objectives, as well as the importance of including recreational strategies and activities that consider culturally relevant elements in preventive actions of child sexual abuse.

Keywords

Child sexual abuse Prevention Evaluation Psychoeducational strategies and children 

References

  1. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. “Sexual abuse in children” no. 9, recovered 30th March 2007 de www.aacap.org.Google Scholar
  2. Baca, E.; Echeburrúa, E. y Tamarrit, J.M. (2006). Manual de Victimología. España: Tirant Lo Blanch. España.Google Scholar
  3. Bajpai, G. S. (2006). Psychosocial Consequences of Victimization in Rape. International Perspectives in Victimology, Vol. 2, No. 1, July 2006, pp. 67–81.Google Scholar
  4. Cantón Duarte, J. y Cortés Arboleda, M. (2000). Guía para la evaluación del abuso sexual infantil. España: Pirámide.Google Scholar
  5. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) (2013), USA, American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
  6. Department of Education of the Yucatan State Government (2014). Action Protocol in Case of Probable Risk, Abuse, or Sexual Assault Against Girls, Boys, and Adolescents to be Applied in all Primary Schools of the State of Yucatan”. https://www.gob.mx/cms/uploads/attachment/file/295952/Protocolo_estado_de_mexico.pdf
  7. Kantún Puc, L., & Peña Castillo, R. (2015). Prevención del Abuso sexual en una comunidad Maya de Yucatán, México: Relevancia de las características socioculturales (2014). Revista Criminalidad, 75–90. Obtenido de Prevención del abuso sexual en una comunidad maya de Yucatán, México: Relevancia de las características socioculturales (2014).Google Scholar
  8. Lima Malvido, M. L. (2015). Políticas públicas en la atención a víctimas. México: Ediciones Corunda.Google Scholar
  9. Lorente, L. (2013). Asistencia a las víctimas de experiencias traumáticas desde el trabajo social.Google Scholar
  10. National Child Traumatic Stress Network. (2006). Primeros Auxilios Psicológicos. Guía de Operaciones Prácticas. 2da Edición.Google Scholar
  11. Neuman, E. (2001). Victimología. El rol de la víctima en los delitos convencionales y no convencionales. Argentina: Universidad.Google Scholar
  12. Office of the Attorney General. (2015). Ministerial, police and expert investigation protocol with gender perspective for sexual violence: http://www.pgr.gob.mx/Combate%20a%20la%20Delincuencia/Delitos%20Federales/que%20es%20FEVIMTRA.asp.
  13. Papalia, D., Wendkos, O. y Duskin, F. (2010). Desarrollo Humano. México: Editorial Mc Graw Hill.Google Scholar
  14. Richmond, M. E. (2005). Diagnóstico Social. España: Siglo XXI de España Editores, S.A.Google Scholar
  15. Rosales, G. I. (2012). Trabajo Social Forense-Juridico. Salvador.Google Scholar
  16. Sanz, D. y Molina, A. (1999). Violencia y abuso en la familia. Argentina: Humanitas.Google Scholar
  17. Sierra, J., Jiménez, E. y Buela Casal, G. (2006). Psicología Forense. Manual de técnicas y aplicaciones. España: Biblioteca Nueva.Google Scholar
  18. Sostre, R. (1993). La prestación de servicios como elemento interactivo en la recuperación de las víctimas del crimen. En Análisis, Reflexión y Acción Psicológica ante la Violencia y la Criminalidad en Puerto Rico. Pág. 39–45. Puerto Rico: Asociación de Estudiantes de Puerto Rico, INC.Google Scholar
  19. Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation. (2012). Protocol of action for those who provide justice in cases that affect childen and adolescents.Google Scholar
  20. UNICEF (2004). Manual de aplicación de la convención sobre los derechos del niño.Google Scholar
  21. UNICEF (2005). Directrices sobre la justicia para las niñas, niños y adolescentes víctimas y testigos de delitos.Google Scholar
  22. World Health Organization, War Trauma Foundation and World Vision. International (2011). Psychological first aid: Guide for field workers. WHO: Geneva.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reyna Faride Peña Castillo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dora Adolfina Ayora Talavera
    • 1
  1. 1.Autonomus University of YucatanMéridaMexico

Personalised recommendations