Exposure to Musculoskeletal Risk of Piano Teachers

  • Casimira Lima
  • André Roriz
  • Andreia Leite
  • Ana Colim
  • Paula Carneiro
Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 277)


Music professionals usually suffer from Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD). However, there is a bad culture regarding ergonomic risk. Musicians are a professional group subject to the most varied ergonomic risks, from instrument design to the time it takes to perfect their work. This paper aims to understand and evaluate the ergonomic risk in a group of professional musicians, mainly of pianists working at a Portuguese conservatory of music. For the investigation, it was applied a modified Nordic Questionnaire and RULA method. The body regions with higher prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints during the last 12 months were the neck (80%) follow by the lower back (40%). The results from the application of RULA indicate that an ergonomic intervention is needed.


Ergonomics Pianists PRSMD RULA WMSD 



Special thanks to the Pedagogical Director of the Guimarães Conservatory of Music, Professor Tiago Costa, for the availability shown, without forgetting also the two pianist teachers for the photos and videos that allowed a better perspective for the development of this work.

This work has been supported by FCT—Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia within the Project Scope: UID/CEC/00319/2019.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Human EngineeringUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal
  2. 2.ALGORITMI CentreUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal

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