Improvement of Fire Response Efficiency by Means of Reducing the Time of Initial Fire Detection
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The paper analyzes the operation of fire emergency response units and auxiliary devices which operate in the infrared range and can be used to extinguish fires. Taking into account the Wien’s displacement law, it is established that in the time interval up to 100 min the maximum emission falls on the wavelength range invisible to the human eye which confirms the practicability of using thermographic cameras in extinguishing fires.
In order to determine the fire spread time the time values of fire emergency response unit arrivals to the site of the fire were analyzed. Time values from the moment of fire break-out to the moment of arrival, control and suppression were used as initial data. 50,000 cases of fire have been processed.
An expert assessment has been carried out regarding the efficiency of using thermographic cameras during fires. There have been criteria proposed and estimates of the fire response efficiency obtained.
KeywordsThermographic camera Fire Emission Heat transfer Fire control Fire suppression Efficiency
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