Advertisement

Study of Thermal Exposure of a Seat of Fire Inside a Building with a Façade Fabricated of Timber Materials on the Construction Elements of Adjacent Facilities

  • Vadym NizhnykEmail author
  • Serhii Pozdieiev
  • Yurii Feshchuk
  • Olexander Dotsenko
  • Volodymyr Borovykov
Conference paper
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

Results of experimental determination of temperature changing of construction elements of adjacent buildings depending on heat exposure of a seat of fire involving façade fabricated of timber materials are submitted. We conducted processing of the experimental data derived. It follows from analysis of the experimental data that absolute deviations of experimental data for each experiment from appropriate average values do not exceed 12.6 ℃ that equals to 19.8% in percent expression form, and maximum root-mean-square deviation is 7.4 ℃ that indicates satisfactory convergence of the experimental data derived. We conducted check-up of belonging of the data derived to single general population by Fisher criterion and it confirmed that their dispersion was allowable. Dependency was drafted using numerical regression equation of the building façade surface temperature on the separation distance between such a building and seat of fire and duration of heat exposure. We showed that divergence between calculated data derived using this dependency and experimental data did not exceed 20%, and this is acceptable for further application of the results derived. Dependency of change of the temperature decrease factor on the separation distance to the heat source was determined which was of non-linear nature.

Keywords

Fire separation distance Temperature Seat of fire 

References

  1. 1.
    Nignyk VV (2019) Approaches to the determination of fire separation distances between buildings and structures. Collection of Scientific and Technical Papers. KNUCEA, no 53, pp 215–226. [Hiжник B.B. Пiдxoди щoдo визнaчeння пpoтипoжeжниx вiдcтaнeй мiж бyдинкaми тa cпopyдaми/ Hayкoвo-тexнiчний збipник. КHУБA. - К., 2019. - №53. – C.215–226.)]Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hrushevskiy BV, Yakovklev AI, Krivosheyev IA et al (1958) Fire prevention in construction. In: Kuralenkin VF (ed) HEFES 1985 4521 p. [Пoжapнaя пpoфилaктикa в cтpoитeльcтвe/[Гpyшeвcкий Б.B., Якoвлeв A.И., Кpивoшeeв И.A. и дp.] пoд peд. B.Ф. Кypaлeнкинa.- M.: BИПTШ, 1985. – 451 c]Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Basmanov AE (2002) Theoretical foundations for the prevention of cascade fire spread at tank farms containing oil products and raising efficiency of its elimination. Diss. … Doctor of Technical Sciences. [Бacмaнoв A.E. Teopeтичecкиe ocнoвы пpeдyпpeждeния кacкaднoгo pacпpocтpaнeния пoжapa в peзepвyapныx пapкax c нeфтeпpoдyктaми и пoвышeниe эффeктивнocти eгo ликвидaции: Диc. … дoктopa тex. нayк:21.06.02.]Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Carlsson E (1999) Report 5051 – External fire spread to adjoining buildings – A review of fire safety design guidance and related research – Department of Fire Safety Engineering Lund University, Sweden, 125 pGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nizhnyk V, Shchipets S, Tarasenko O, Kropyvnytskyi V, Medvid B (2018) A method of experimental studies of heat transfer processes between adjacent facilities. Int J Eng Technol 7(4.3):288–292Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Guidelines for the Conduction of Interlaboratory Tests in the Sphere of Fire Safety, UkrFSRI (2007). [Iнcтpyкцiя з пpoвeдeння мiжлaбopaтopниx пopiвняльниx випpoбyвaнь y cфepi пoжeжнoї бeзпeки, УкpHДIПБ, 2007.]Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vadym Nizhnyk
    • 1
    Email author
  • Serhii Pozdieiev
    • 1
  • Yurii Feshchuk
    • 1
  • Olexander Dotsenko
    • 1
  • Volodymyr Borovykov
    • 1
  1. 1.The Ukrainian Civil Protection Research InstituteKyivUkraine

Personalised recommendations