Advertisement

Wheelchair Mobility Aid Through the Adaptation of Electric Scooters

  • Bernardo Pajares MorenoEmail author
  • Guillermo Peris-Fajarnés
  • Ismael Lengua
  • María Moncho-Santonja
Conference paper
  • 131 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

This paper presents a design proposal for the use of an electric scooter to propel a conventional wheelchair. This adaptation will transform a wheelchair into a “handbike” using a scooter-chair hitch. The system allows access to these devices to a greater number of people with mobility assistance needs, mainly in the urban environment, thanks to the use of low-cost mobility devices. Keeping this is mind, the design of a scooter-chair hitch that respects the chair integrity is presented. The new set will allow the electric scooter to pull the chair analogously to the way modern handbikes do. The electric mechanism of the scooter together with the hitch mechanism has been designed under the premises of usefulness without complex ergonomic conditions, simplicity, efficiency, cost, and accessibility to parts, mechanisms and materials.

Keywords

Scooter Hitch Handbike Electric Attachment Affordable Transportable Easy Adjustable Means of transport Third wheel Universal 

References

  1. 1.
    Alcubierre, J.M., Minguez, J., Montesano, L., Montano, L., Saz, O., Lleida, E.: Silla de ruedas inteligente controlada por voz. In Memorias del Primer Congreso Internacional de Domótica, Robótica y Teleasistencia para todos, Madrid, España, November 2005Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Birmanns, T.: España. N: E 16154456. Dispositivo de dirección delantero y tándem de silla de ruedas. Europa (2017)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Carrasco García, J.: ES 2584 477 B. Impulsor eléctrico trasero para sillas de ruedas. Murcia (España) (2015)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cañete Aguado, J.: ES 1170 858 U. Dispositivo para la automatización de sillas de ruedas eléctrica. España (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Conte, G.: Italy Patent No. EP 2 810 633 B1 (2014)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    De Aguilar, J.M.D.: Silla de ruedas de bajo presupuesto capacitada para subir tramos escalonados (2012)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Escudero Mendoza, J.P., Ruiz Miranda, C.F.: Diseño y simulación de una silla de ruedas autónoma que permita subir y bajar escalones a su usuario (Bachelor’s thesis) (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    European Committee for Standardization (CEN). DIN EN 12183:2014-06. Manual wheelchairs - Requirements and test methods. CEN - Technical Bodies, June 2014. https://standards.cen.eu/dyn/www/f?p=204%3A110%3A0%3A%3A%3A%3AFSP_PROJECT%2CFSP_ORG_ID%3A33939%2C6274&cs=12B13583893E1DCD34FFE2D9D93F1F3C6. Accessed 2019
  9. 9.
    European Comitee for Standardization (CEN). DIN EN 12184:2014-06. Electrically powered wheelchairs, scooters and their chargers - Requirements and test methods, June 2014. https://ec.europa.eu/eip/ageing/standards/healthcare/personal-autonomy/en-121842014_en
  10. 10.
    European Committee for Standardization (CEN). DIN EN 12182:2012-07. Assistive products for persons with disability - General requirements and test methods, July 2012. https://ec.europa.eu/eip/ageing/standards/healthcare/personal-autonomy/en-121822012_en
  11. 11.
    Leaman, J., La, H.M.: A comprehensive review of smart wheelchairs: past, present, and future. IEEE Trans. Hum.-Mach. Syst. 47(4), 486–499 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Richard, M.A., Gentiletti, G.G.: Plataforma experimental de interfaz cerebro computadora orientada al control de sillas de ruedas. In: IV Latin American Congress on Biomedical Engineering 2007, Bioengineering Solutions for Latin America Health, pp. 1127–1130. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sibai, M.: A Study on Smart Wheelchair Systems, December 2015. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305699756_A_Study_on_Smart_Wheelchair_Systems. Accessed 1 Mar 2018
  14. 14.
    Tumboroller, S., Micro, H., Rodem Lomo Litio, H., Stricker City 7, H., Stricker City Compact, H., & Stricker City 11, H. et al. (2019). Rodem. https://www.dismovil.net/es/25_rodem?gclid=CjwKCAjwy7vlBRACEiwAZvdx9lemckhegEZw3byErbbQnh_vPZusEYTdtGBZxtHuxxAwtF2loe2RoCw7sQAv_BwE
  15. 15.
    Hsu, H.-L.: Conjunto de control auxiliar para sillas de ruedas (2010). EuropaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernardo Pajares Moreno
    • 1
    Email author
  • Guillermo Peris-Fajarnés
    • 1
  • Ismael Lengua
    • 1
  • María Moncho-Santonja
    • 1
  1. 1.C.I.T.G. Universitat Politècnica de ValènciaValenciaSpain

Personalised recommendations