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Forest Succession, Alternative States, and Fire-Vegetation Feedbacks

  • Víctor Resco de Dios
Chapter
  • 36 Downloads
Part of the Managing Forest Ecosystems book series (MAFE, volume 36)

Abstract

Wildfires trigger changes in vegetation dynamics if the existing community does not resist the fire and succumbs. However, the same vegetation state may still occur if populations show post-fire resilience, that is, if they are able to regenerate after fire. Such regeneration will be a function of interactions between propagule availability (aerial or soil seed banks or other seed sources nearby), its establishment success (dependent on soil resources, dormancy break, herbivores, and microsite conditions), fire recurrence, and mycorrhizal networks. When pre-fire species fail to survive and regenerate after the fire, changes in the vegetation state may lead to either a forested or a deforested state, depending on legacies from the previously established community, climatic conditions and water balance, and other processes. Climate change may compromise post-fire state changes when newly established communities cannot survive under the novel environmental conditions expected for the end of this century. Here we review overall post-fire vegetation changes, with a particular emphasis on Mediterranean environments.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Víctor Resco de Dios
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Life Science and EngineeringSouthwest University of Science and TechnologyMianyangChina
  2. 2.Crop and Forest Sciences and JRU CTFC-AGROTECNIOUniversitat de LleidaLleidaSpain

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