Advertisement

Political Performance of the Party Elites After Pinochet: 1990–2010

  • Luis Garrido-VergaraEmail author
Chapter
  • 5 Downloads

Abstract

This chapter describes and analyses the electoral evolution of the Chilean party elite between 1990 and 2010. After the end of the dictatorship and the subsequent return to democratic elections in the late 1980s, the centre-left Concertación and the right-wing Alianza por Chile coalitions established a partyarchy (Siavelis, 2009a). As shown by various scholars, competition between these two multi-party coalitions dominated electoral and legislative politics between 1990 and 2010 (Alemán & Saiegh, Comparative Politics 253–272, 2007; Navia, Pathways to Power. Political Recruitment and Candidate Selection in Latin America, Penn State University Press, 2008). They exercised control over the political system and held almost all the seats in both chambers of Congress. The Concertación and the Alianza maintained total control of municipal, congressional and presidential elections between 1990 and 2010. Election results demonstrate the Concertación’s domination of political power. It won all elections from 1989 through to the 2008 municipal elections when the Alianza obtained more votes in the election for mayors. It went on to lose the 2009 presidential election when the new Coalición por el Cambio (Coalition for Change), which had replaced the Alianza in 2009, was elected under President Sebastián Piñera for 2010–2014.

References

  1. Akram, H. (2014). The House That Hayek Built: The Neoliberal Economic Model in Chile (1920–2010). PhD Thesis. The University of Cambridge, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  2. Alemán, E., & Saiegh, S. (2007). Legislative Preferences, Political Parties, and Coalition Unity in Chile. Comparative Politics, 39(3), 253–272.Google Scholar
  3. Angell, A. (2007). The Durability of the Party System in Chile. In P. Webb & S. White (Eds.), Party Politics in New Democracies (pp. 275–303). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bengoa, J. (2015). Historia rural de Chile central Tomo II. Crisis y Ruptura del Poder Hacendal. Santiago: LOM.Google Scholar
  5. Carey, J. (2006). Las virtudes del sistema binominal. Revista de ciencia política, 26(1), 226–235.Google Scholar
  6. Correa, S. (2005). Con las riendas del poder. Santiago: Sudamericana.Google Scholar
  7. Cruz-Coke, R. (1984). Historia electoral de Chile, 1925–1973. Santiago: Editorial Jurídica de Chile.Google Scholar
  8. Dávila, M. (2011). Governing Together: The Concertación Administrations in Chile (1990–2009). PhD Thesis, Political Science Department University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina.Google Scholar
  9. García-Grandón, D., Garrido-Vergara, L., & Navia, P. (2013). Relaciones ejecutivo-legislativo. In M. Barreda (Ed.), Las instituciones políticas de las democracias latinoamericanas (pp. 53–91). Barcelona: Huygens i Plural Editores.Google Scholar
  10. Garretón, M. (2012). Neoliberalismo corregido y progresismo limitado: Los gobiernos de la Concertación en Chile, 1990–2010. Santiago: Editorial ARCIS-CLACSO-PROSPAL.Google Scholar
  11. Garretón, M., & Moulian, T. (1983). La Unidad Popular y el conflicto político en Chile. Santiago: Ediciones Minga.Google Scholar
  12. González-Bustamante, B. (2013). Factores de acceso y permanencia de la élite política gubernamental en Chile (1990–2010). Política. Revista de Ciencia Política, 51(1), 119–153.Google Scholar
  13. González-Bustamante, B., & Garrido-Vergara, L. (2018). Socialización, trayectorias y poscarrera de ministros en Chile, 1990–2010. Política y Gobierno, 25(1), 31–64.Google Scholar
  14. González-Bustamante, B., & Olivares, A. (2016). Cambios de gabinete y supervivencia de los ministros en Chile durante los gobiernos de la Concertación (1990–2010). Colombia Internacional, 87, 81–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Heiss, C., & Navia, P. (2008). You Win Some, You Lose Some: Constitutional Reforms in Chile’s Transition to Democracy. Latin American Politics and Society, 49(3), 163–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jocelyn-Holt, A. (1998). El Chile Perplejo: Del Avanzar sin Transar al Transar sin Parar. Santiago: Planeta/Ariel.Google Scholar
  17. Lehmann, D. (1971). Political Incorporation Versus Political Stability: The Case of the Chilean Agrarian Reform, 1965–70. The Journal of Development Studies, 7(4), 365–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lehmann, D. (1992). Democracy and Development in Latin America: Economics, Politics and Religion in the Post-War Period. Pennsylvania: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Luna, J., & Altman, D. (2011). Uprooted but Stable: Chilean Parties and the Concept of Party System Institutionalization. Latin American Politics and Society, 53(2), 1–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Moulian, T. (2006). Fracturas: de Pedro Aguirre Cerda a Salvador Allende (1938–1973). Santiago: LOM.Google Scholar
  21. Navia, P. (2000). Incumbency in the Chilean Parliament: Continuities and Change. New York: Department of Politics & Center for Latin American and New York University.Google Scholar
  22. Navia, P. (2008). Legislative Candidate Selection in Chile. In P. Siavelis & S. Morgenstern (Eds.), Pathways to Power. Political Recruitment and Candidate Selection in Latin America (pp. 92–118). Pennsylvania: Penn State University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Navia, P. (2009). The Successful Chilean Left: Neo-Liberal and Socialist. In J. Castañeda & M. Morales (Eds.), Leftovers. Tales of the Latin American Left (pp. 141–162). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  24. Navia, P., & Sandoval, J. (1998). Binomial Electoral Law and Multi-Party System: The Chilean Contradiction. In Latin American Studies Association (pp. 1–17). Chicago: Latin American Studies Association.Google Scholar
  25. Pastor, D. (2004). Origins of the Binomial Election System. Revista de Ciencia Política, 24(1), 38–57.Google Scholar
  26. Peña, C. (2007). Tres Estudios sobre la Política en Chile. Revista de Ciencia Política, 27(1), 159–170.Google Scholar
  27. Scully, T. (1992). Los partidos de centro y la evolución política chilena. Santiago: CIEPLAN.Google Scholar
  28. Sehnbruch, K., & Siavelis, P. (2014). El Balance. Política y políticas de la concertación 1990–2010. Santiago: Catalonia.Google Scholar
  29. Siavelis, P. (2009a). Elite-mass congruence, partidocracia and the quality of Chilean democracy. Journal of Politics in Latin America, 3, 3–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Siavelis, P. (2009b). Elite-Mass Congruence, Partidocracia and the Quality of Chilean Democracy. Journal of Politics in Latin America, 1(3), 3–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Siavelis, P. (2009c). Enclaves de la transición y democracia chilena. Revista de Ciencia Política, 29(1), 3–21.Google Scholar
  32. Siavelis, P., & Valenzuela, A. (1996). Electoral Engineering and Democratic Stability: The Legacy of Authoritarian Rule in Chile. In Institutional Design in New Democracies: Eastern Europe and Latin America (pp. 77–99).Google Scholar
  33. Silva, P. (2007). Estilos políticos y orientación tecnocrática bajo los gobiernos de Lagos y Bachelet. Revista de Sociología, 21(1), 79–105.Google Scholar
  34. Torcal, M., & Mainwaring, S. (2002). The Political Recrafting of Social Bases of Party Competition: Chile, 1973–95. British Journal of Political Science, 33(1), 55–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Toro, S., & García-Grandón, D. (2008). Mecanismos de selección de candidatos para el poder legislativo: un examen a las lógicas de mayor y menor inclusión. In C. Larroulet, J. Navarrete, & I. Walker (Eds.), Reforma de los partidos políticos en Chile (pp. 395–412). Santiago: CIEPLAN.Google Scholar
  36. Toro, S., Morales, M., & Piñeiro, R. (2011). El efecto de las leyes electorales sobre la fragmentación partidaria en Chile, 1999–2008: Voto estratégico, barreras de entrada e información. Política y gobierno, 18(2), 331–358.Google Scholar
  37. Valenzuela, J. (1995). The Origins and Transformations of the Chilean Party System. Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies, Working Paper #215.Google Scholar
  38. Valenzuela, J., & Scully, T. (1997). Electoral Choices and the Party System in Chile: Continuities and Changes at the Recovery of Democracy. Comparative Politics, 4, 511–527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Santiago of Chile (USACH)SantiagoChile

Personalised recommendations