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Two New Coalitions in Post-Authoritarian Chile: The Concertación and the Alianza

  • Luis Garrido-VergaraEmail author
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Abstract

This chapter describes and explains the principal characteristics of the two main coalitions that emerged from the 1988 plebiscite and the 1989 congressional and presidential elections. A political transition based on agreement across much of the political spectrum (Godoy, Estudios Públicos 79–106, 1999) and the consolidation of a binomial system for congressional elections favoured, among other things, the creation and maintenance of two broad coalitions that dominated political power for more than two decades. The Concertación brought together the parties and supporters of the centre-left and went on to win four consecutive presidential elections before its dissolution in 2013. The other coalition, the Alianzapor Chile, was formed by the principal liberal right-wing and traditional conservative forces and continued to exist until 2015. The political elite that governed Chile during the period studied here (1990–2010) came from these two coalitions. The Concertación and the Alianzapor Chile have dominated Chile’s recent history, leading the process that put an end to the military regime and the subsequent process of re-democratisation that began with the 1988 plebiscite and the 1989 congressional and presidential elections.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Santiago of Chile (USACH)SantiagoChile

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