Introduction to Carotid Atherosclerosis

  • Chelsea Meyer
  • Jerdan Ruff
  • Adam de HavenonEmail author


We present a brief overview of carotid atherosclerosis, including a historical perspective, epidemiology, clinical presentation, and imaging modalities. The first known description of the carotid artery dates back to Hippocrates (400–200 BC), but this knowledge has grown extensively. Large artery atherosclerosis accounts for about 20% of ischemic stroke. Carotid disease causes ischemia from both hypoperfusion and atheroemobolic events and presents with varying symptoms. Most commonly seen with ipsilateral monocular vision loss (amaurosis fugax), contralateral hemisensory loss or contralateral hemiparesis. There are multiple imaging modalities available to evaluate the stability and hemodynamic characteristics of carotid atherosclerotic plaque.


Historical perspective Epidemiology NASCET and ACAS criteria 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

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