Gynecology pp 315-333 | Cite as

Genital Fistulas

  • Sherif ShazlyEmail author
  • Shannon K. Laughlin-Tommaso


Genital fistulas refer to abnormal communication between the genital tract and other pelvic or abdominal organs. The most common causes of genital fistulas are obstetric trauma and surgery-related complications. This chapter will highlight diagnosis and management of some of these fistulas. In addition, this chapter will cover female genital mutilation, which represents a significant women health issue in certain populations to date.


Genitourinary fistula Rectovaginal fistula Female genital mutilation Obstetric trauma 

Further Reading

  1. Birge O, Ozbey EG, Erkan MM, et al. Youssef’s syndrome following cesarean section. Case Rep Obstet Gynecol. 2015;2015:605325.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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  4. Nardos R, Menber B, Browning A. Outcome of obstetric fistula repair after 10-day versus 14-day Foley catheterization. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2012;118:21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Saclarides TJ. Rectovaginal fistula. Surg Clin North Am. 2002;82:1261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  7. Wiskind AK, Thompson JD. Transverse transperineal repair of rectovaginal fistulas in the lower vagina. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1992;167:694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. World Health Organization (WHO). Types of female genital mutilation.
  9. Yip SK, Leung TY. Vesicouterine fistula: an updated review. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 1998;9:252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Obstetrics and GynecologyMayo ClinicRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics & GynecologyMayo ClinicRochesterUSA

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