Trajectory Clustering Based Oceanic Anomaly Detection Using Argo Profile Floats

  • Wen-Yu Cai
  • Zi-Qiang Liu
  • Mei-Yan ZhangEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 312)


The observation data of Argo profile floats are very crucial for long-term climate change and natural variability, which reflect three-dimensional distribution of temperature and salinity in the sea. In order to solve the anomalies in the profile caused by uncertainties factors, this paper proposes a novel anomaly detection method for Argo profile floats using an improved trajectory clustering method to discriminate normal and abnormal. The proposed algorithm partitions Argo data into a set of line segments, and then clusters line segments to get rid of noisy data, finally recovers the line segments to the raw data accordingly. As a result, the proposed oceanic anomaly detection method subtly converts the sequence data into line segments for anomaly detection, which considers both positional relationship and trend of data source. Extensive experiments on real dataset from Argo floats verify that our method has better results under different conditions compared to existing methods such as LOF and DBSCAN.


Anomaly detection Trajectory clustering Oceanic observation data Argo profile floats 



The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful and constructive comments that greatly contributed to improving the final version of the paper. These data were collected and made freely available by the International Argo Program and the national initiatives that contribute to it ( This research has been partially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61871163 and No. 61801431), Zhejiang Public Welfare Technology Research Project (No. LGF20F010005) and Key Research and Development Program of Hainan Province (ZDYF2017006). Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (No. LY18F030006) and Open funding of Zhejiang Provincial Key Lab of Equipment Electronics.


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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Electronics and InformationHangzhou Dianzi UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.School of Electrical EngineeringZhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric PowerHangzhouChina

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