Advertisement

The Drawing and the Artefact: Biomorphism in the Design of Murano Glass Objects in the 20th Century

  • Irene CazzaroEmail author
Conference paper
  • 211 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1140)

Abstract

By analysing the relationship between drawing and actual object, it is observed that the design of glass artefacts depends on the features of the material itself, on the processing techniques and their limits. More generally, therefore, we can say that form is the result of forces located inside the matter, as it also happens in the generation of a living organism.

For this reason the discourse on the creation and graphic representation of these objects can be approached from the point of view of biomorphism, a feature that can be found in similar artefacts on several levels: from the figurativity of the glass animals to the almost abstract shape obtained from the self-organising matter through its intrinsic forces.

It is precisely in the creations with a higher degree of abstraction that we observe the same “biomorphic” feature found in some of the major scientific and artistic studies since the 1950s, although the tradition of blown glass, with its particular processing techniques, is preserved.

Keywords

Glass Biomorphism Drawing Design Art Morphogenesis 

References

  1. Barovier, M., Dorigato, A.: Il bestiario di Murano: sculture in vetro dal 1928 al 1965. Canal & Stamperia Editrice, Venezia (1996)Google Scholar
  2. Barovier, M.: Carlo Scarpa: Venini, 1932–1947. Skira, Milano (2012)Google Scholar
  3. Barovier, M.: Napoleone Martinuzzi: Venini 1925–1932. Skira, Milano (2013)Google Scholar
  4. Barovier, M.: Tomaso Buzzi Alla Venini. Skira, Milano (2015)Google Scholar
  5. Barovier, M.: Fulvio Bianconi Alla Venini. Skira, Milano (2016)Google Scholar
  6. Barovier, M.: Paolo Venini e la sua fornace. Skira, Milano (2017)Google Scholar
  7. Barovier Mentasti, R.: Mille anni di arte del vetro a Venezia. Albrizzi, Venezia (1982)Google Scholar
  8. Barovier Mentasti, R.: La vetreria Venini tra Murano e Milano. In: Venini: catalogo ragionato 1921–1986. Skira, Milano (2000)Google Scholar
  9. Barovier Mentasti, R.: I vetri di Archimede Seguso Dal 1950 al 1959. Umberto Allemandi Editore (2009)Google Scholar
  10. Barovier Mentasti, R.: Vetro veneziano contemporaneo: la collezione della Fondazione di Venezia. Marsilio, Venezia (2011)Google Scholar
  11. Bassi, A.: Vinicio Vianello, ‘artigiano spaziale’ e industrial designer. In: Vinicio Vianello. Pittura, vetro e design. Skira, Ginevra-Milano (2014)Google Scholar
  12. Bois, Y.-A., Krauss, R.E.: L’informe. Istruzioni per l’uso. Mondadori, Milano (2003)Google Scholar
  13. Chiesa, R., Ciappi, S., Pezzoli, S.: Gli animali di Murano: opere in vetro dalla collezione Bersellini, 1920–2015. Marsilio, Venezia (2016)Google Scholar
  14. Galilei, G.: Discorsi e dimostrazioni matematiche intorno a due nuove scienze attinenti alla mecanica ed i movimenti locali (Speeches and mathematical demonstrations around two new sciences related to mechanics and local movements). Einaudi, Torino [1638] (1990)Google Scholar
  15. Heiremans, M.: Seguso Vetri D’arte: glass objects from Murano (1932–1973). Arnoldsche Art Publ., Stuttgart (2014)Google Scholar
  16. Klee, P.: Teoria della forma e della figurazione. Mimesis, Milano, Udine (2009)Google Scholar
  17. Simondon, G.: L’individuazione alla luce delle nozioni di forma e d’informazione. Mimesis, Milano, Udine (2011)Google Scholar
  18. Simondon, G.: Du mode d’existence des objets techniques. Aubier, Paris (2012)Google Scholar
  19. Thom, R.: Esquisse d’une sémiophysique [Semiophysics: a sketch]. Interéditions, Paris (1988)Google Scholar
  20. Turing, A.M.: The chemical basis of morphogenesis. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B Biol. Sci. 237(641), 37–72 (1952)Google Scholar
  21. Waddington, C.H.: Organisers & Genes. The University Press, Cambridge (1940)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Theory of the Image, Culture del Progetto DepartmentIUAV UniversityVeniceItaly

Personalised recommendations