Exploring Graphic Sciences

  • Enrico CicalòEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1140)


If we analyze the physiognomy of knowledge in the field of graphic representation, we have to face a sort of diaspora that throughout history has dispersed its contents in various disciplinary fields and that has prevented its coagulation within a unitary and universally recognizable disciplinary apparatus, which instead can only be found within particular national and cultural contexts. The disciplines that explore graphic representation are not always identifiable in the panorama of international research because they assume various denominations in the different cultural traditions. Starting from these premises, in this article we want to recompose the elements present in the international panorama of research in the field of studies focused on the production of images that can be expressed through the expression Graphic Sciences. According to this hypothesis, the Graphic Sciences would not be configured as a single discipline with monolithic methods and univocally and preventively determined objectives, but rather as a set of fields of study with a nonunitary repertoire of interests.


Graphic Sciences Visual Science Image Science Visualization Representation Drawing 


  1. Arnheim, R.: Il pensiero visivo. la percezione visiva come attività conoscitiva. Einaudi, Torino (1974)Google Scholar
  2. Avgerinou, M., Ericson, J.: A review of the concept of visual literacy. Brit. J. Educ. Tech. 28(4), 280–291 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Balchin, W.G.V., Coleman, A.M.: Graphicacy should be the fourth ace in the pack. cartographica. Int. J. Geogr. Inf. Geovisualization 3(1), 23–28 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barnhurst, K.G., Vari, M., Rodríguez, Í.: Mapping visual studies in communication. J. Commun. 54(4), 616–644 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bertoline, G.R.: Visual science: an emerging discipline. J. Geom. Graph. 2(2), 181–187 (1998)Google Scholar
  6. Bleed, R.: Visual literacy in higher education. ELI Explor. 2005(1), 1–11 (2005)Google Scholar
  7. Brumberger, E.: Visual literacy and the digital native: an examination of the millennial learner. J. Vis. Lit. 30(1), 19–46 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cardone, V.: Immaginare un’area culturale delle immagini visive. XY, 1(1), 12–27 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. Cicalò, E.: Intelligenza Grafica. Aracne, Roma (2016)Google Scholar
  10. Cicalò, E.: Educazione visiva, educazione grafica. In: Luigini, A. (ed.) Lineis describere. Sette seminari tra Rappresentazione e Formazione, Libria, Melfi (2017). ISBN: 9788867641260Google Scholar
  11. Cicalò, E.: Drawing and cognition in learning graphics and in graphic learning. In: AAVV, Proceedings of International and Interdisciplinary Conference IMMAGINI? Brixen, Italy, MDPI (2017). ISBN: 9783038426813Google Scholar
  12. Cicalò, E.: Graphics on Graphics. In: Belardi, P. (a cura di) Riflessioni: l’arte del disegno/il disegno dell’arte/Reflections: the art of drawing/the drawing of art. Gangemi, Roma (2019)Google Scholar
  13. Danos, X., Norman, E.W.L.: The development of a new taxonomy for graphicacy. In: Norman, E.W.L., Spendlove, D. (eds.) The Design and Technology Association International Research Conference 2009, pp. 69–84. The Design and Technology Association, Wellesbourne (2009)Google Scholar
  14. Delahunty, T., Niall, S., Raymond, L.: The Growing Necessity for Graphical Competency. In: PATT 26 Conference, Technology Education in the 21st Century, Linköping University Electronic Press, Stockholm, Sweden, 26–30 June 2012, n. 073, pp. 144–152 (2012)Google Scholar
  15. Eco, U.: Trattato di semiotica generale. La nave di Teseo, Milano (2016a). 432 p.Google Scholar
  16. Eco, U.: Dire quasi la stessa cosa. Esperienze di traduzione. Bompiani, Milano (2016b). 391 p.Google Scholar
  17. Ferguson, E.S.: The Mind’s Eye: Nonverbal Thought in Technology. Science 57, 42–46 (1978)Google Scholar
  18. Foucault, M.: Le Parole e le cose. Un’archeologia delle scienze umane. BUR, Milano (1998). ISBN 978817112802. 417 p.Google Scholar
  19. Fry, E.: Graphical literacy. J. Read. 24(5), 383–389 (1981)Google Scholar
  20. Gardner, H.: Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligence. Basic Books, New York (1983)Google Scholar
  21. Górska, R.A.: Graphicacy capability as a factor enhancing success in engineering disciplines. Czasopismo Techniczne. Architektura 11, 11–18 (2015, 2016)Google Scholar
  22. Guattari, F., Deleuze, G.: A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis (1987). 687 p.Google Scholar
  23. Lengler, R., Eppler, M.J.: Towards a periodic table of visualization methods for management. In: Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Graphics and Visualization in Engineering, ACTA Press, pp. 83–88 (2007)Google Scholar
  24. Massironi, M.: Vedere con il disegno. Franco Muzzio, Padova (1989). 189 p.Google Scholar
  25. Massironi, M.: The psychology of graphic images: Seeing, drawing, communicating. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah (2002). 319 p.Google Scholar
  26. Mitchell, W.J.T.: Scienza delle immagini. Iconologia, cultura visuale ed estetica dei media. Johan & Levi, Milano (2018)Google Scholar
  27. Moriarty, S., Barbatsis, G.: Introduction: from an oak to a stand of aspen: visual communication theory mapped as rhizome. In: Smith, K.L., Moriarty, S., Kenney, K., Barbatsis, G. (eds.) Handbook of visual communication: Theory, methods, and media, p. 624. Routledge, London (2005)Google Scholar
  28. Pei, E., Campbell, I., Evans, M.: A taxonomic classification of visual design representations used by industrial designers and engineering designers. Des. J. 14(1), 64–91 (2011)Google Scholar
  29. Schenk, P.: The role of drawing in the graphic design process. Des. Stud. 12(3), 168–181 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Schenk, P.: Developing a taxonomy on drawing for design. International Association of Societies of Design Research, pp. 1–15 (2007)Google Scholar
  31. Suzuki, K.: Activities of the Japan society for graphic science - research and education. J. Geom. Graph. 6(2), 221–229 (2002)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  32. Yoon, J.W., Eun, K.C.: An investigation on graphical abstracts use in scholarly articles. Int. J. Inf. Manag. 37(1), 1371–1379 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Architettura, design e Urbanistica (DADU)Università degli Studi di SassariSassariItaly

Personalised recommendations