Assassination and Poisoning
- 15 Downloads
This chapter discusses assassination, its classification, and the use of poison in such killings. Historical examples are discussed including plots to kill President Tito of Yugoslavia. More recent instances are examined. Sergei and Yulia Skripal were poisoned with Novichok nerve agent in Salisbury, England, in 2018. In 2017 Kim Jong-nam, half-brother of the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, was attacked at Kuala Lumpur airport, Malaysia, with nerve agent. Russian spy Alexander Litvinenko, a political exile in the United Kingdom, was poisoned with polonium-210. Bulgarian dissident writer Georgi Markov died after a metal pellet containing ricin was injected or shot into his leg. The chapter considers these incidents in relation to Situational Crime Prevention and looks at means, motive, opportunity, location, and perpetrator-victim relationship.
KeywordsAssassination Skripal Kim Jong-nam Litvinenko Markov
- Anders, K. (1967). Murder to Order. New York, NY: The Devin-Adair Company.Google Scholar
- Babulal, V. (2017, February 17). Jong-nam Murder: Indonesian Suspect ‘Siti Aisha’ Worked in KL Night Club Say Reports. New Straits Times. Retrieved from https://sg.news.yahoo.com/jong-nam-murder-indonesian-suspect-081608811.html.
- BBC. (2018, October 8). Russian Spy Poisoning: What We Know So Far. Retrieved from www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-43315636.
- BBC News. (2019, March 11). Kim Jong-nam: Indonesian Woman Freed in Murder Case. BBC News. Retrieved from www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-47520443.
- BBC Radio 4. (2018). The Murder of Georgi Markov. The Reunion. Retrieved from www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/b0bgblcd. (Originally Broadcast 31 August 2018).
- Bellingcat Investigation Team. (2018a, September 26). Skripal Suspect Boshirov Identified as GRU Colonel Anatoliy Chepiga. Retrieved from www.bellingcat.com/news/uk-and-europe/2018/09/26/skripal-suspect-boshirov-identified-gru-colonel-anatoliy-chepiga/.
- Bellingcat Investigation Team. (2018b, October 9). Full Report: Skripal Poisoning Suspect Dr Alexander Mishkin Herpo of Russia. Retrieved from www.bellingcat.com/news/uk-and-europe/2018/10/09/full-report-skripal-poisoning-suspect-dr-alexander-mishkin-hero-russia/.
- CIA Manual. (c1954). See Doyle, K. & Kornbluh, P. (Eds.). (2017). CIA and Assassinations: The Guatemala 1954 Documents. National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 4 (Document 2 ‘A Study in Assassinations – Unsigned, Undated’). Retrieved from https://nsarchive2.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB4/.
- Cobain, I., Vasagar, J., & Sample, I. (2006, December 8). Hotel Bar Staff Poisoned with Polonium 210. The Guardian. Retrieved from www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/dec/08/russia.topstories3.
- Daily Excelsior. (2019, January 20). Kim Jong Nam Murder Trial Adjourned Again Until March. DailyExcellsior.Com. Retrieved from http://www.dailyexcelsior.com/kim-jong-nam-murder-trial-adjourned-again-until-march.
- De Witte, L. (/2002). The Assassination of Lumumba. New York, NY: Verso (Translated from the Dutch by Ann Wright and Renée Fenby).Google Scholar
- Dunkerley, W. (2016, February 5). Six Reasons You Can’t Take the Litvinenko Report Seriously. The Guardian. Retrieved from www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/05/litvinenko-report-get-it-wrong-putin.
- Emmott, R., & Balmforth, T. (2019, January 21). EU Sanctions Skripal Suspects – Russia Calls Move Groundless. Reuters.Google Scholar
- Emsley, J. (2008). Molecules of Murder. London: Royal Society of Chemistry.Google Scholar
- Escalante, F. (Commentary) (2008). The Secret Assassination Report: CIA Targets Fidel (With Commentary by the Former Head of Cuban State Security). London: Ocean Press.Google Scholar
- Foreign Staff. (2017, February). Suspect in Kim Jong-un Assassination Posed in Flowery Bikini at Motor Show. The Telegraph. Retrieved from www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/02/24/suspect-kim-jong-nam-assassination.
- Goldfarb, A., & Litvinenko, M. (2007). Death of a Dissident: Alexander Litvinenko and the Return of the KGB. (Free Press ed.). New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
- Harding, L. (2015, February 9). Litvinenko Told of Mysterious Break in at Mayfair Office. The Guardian. Retrieved from www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/09/litvinenko-inquiry-told-of-mysterious-break-in-at-mayfair-office.
- Harley, N, & Sawer, P. (2018, March 11). Sergei Skripal Poisoning: Military Remove Ambulances and Police Cars for Nerve Agent Testing. The Telegraph. Retrieved from www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/03/10/spy-poisoning-military-remove-ambulances-police-cars-testing/.
- Hyams, J. (2018, March 7). Georgi Markov: The Bulgarian Dissident Killed by a Poisoned Umbrella. Express. Retrieved from www.express.co.uk/life-style/life/928368/Georgi-Markov-Bulgarian-dissident-poisoned-umbrella.
- Lee, A. S. (2003, June 23). Secret Lives. Time. Retrieved from www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0%2C9171%2C460254-1%2C00.html.
- Lennon, T. (2018, September 10). Bulgarian Dissident Georgi Markov ‘Shot’ by Killer Poison Pellet from an Umbrella. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved from www.dailytelegraph.com.au/news/bulgarian-dissident-georgi-markov-shot-by-killer-poison-pellet-from-an-umbrella/news-story/1263538e609b4927ebd103bc8f3ac3c2.
- Litvinenko, A., & Felshstinsky, Y. (2007). Blowing Up Russia: The Secret Plot to Bring Back KGB Terror. New York, NY: Encounter Books.Google Scholar
- Owen, Sir Robert. (2016, January). The Litvinenko Inquiry: A Report into the Death of Alexander Litvinenko. London: Her Majesty’s Stationary Office. Retrieved from https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/493860/The-Litvinenko-Inquiry-H-C-695-web.pdf.
- Reporter. (2016, January 20). Litvinenko Inquiry ‘Theatre of the Absurd’. The Irish Times.Google Scholar
- Sixsmith, M. (2007). The Litvinenko File: The True Story of a Death Foretold. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Tchouteu, J. (2017). A Death in Geneva That Put a Nation in a Coma and Traumatised Africa: The Assassination of Félix-Roland Moumié and Cameroon’s Unfinished Liberation. New York, NY: Tisi Books.Google Scholar
- Urban, M. (2018). The Skripal Files: The Life and Near Death of a Russian Spy. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Volodarsky, B. (2009). The KGBs Poison Factory: Form Lenin to Litvinenko. Minneapolis, MN: Zenith Press (Chapter 2).Google Scholar
- Watts, J., & Branigan, T. (2012, January 17). North Korea’s Leader Will Not Last Long Says Kim Jong-un’s Brother. The Guardian. Retrieved from www.theguardian.com/world/2012/jan/17/north-korea-leader-not-long.
- Wise, D., & Ross, T. B. (1967). The Espionage Establishment. New York, NY: Random House.Google Scholar