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Timing of South Delhi Orogeny: Interpretation from Structural Fabric and Granite Geochronology, Beawar-Rupnagar-Babra Area, Rajasthan, NW India

  • Subhash Singh
  • Anjali Shukla
  • B. H. Umasankar
  • Tapas Kumar Biswal
Chapter
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Part of the Society of Earth Scientists Series book series (SESS)

Abstract

The South Delhi orogeny is constrained by a correlative study between the deformational fabric and geochronology of the metarhyolite and granite of the South Delhi terrane (SDT) around Beawar- Rupnagar-Babra, Rajasthan, NW India. The SDT contains metaconglomerate (Bar conglomerate), calcareous schist, mica schist, amphibolite, metarhyolite (G1) and three phases of granites (G2-4), which underwent three stages of deformations (D1-3). The D1 produced F1 reclined/recumbent folds and S1 fabric in a greenschist facies metamorphic conditions. The D2 produced F2 folds which were coaxial with F1 along NE-SW axis, S2 crenulations and ductile shear zones. The D3 produced NW-SE trending F3 folds. The S1 fabric in the metarhyolite (G1) and, G2 and G3 granites differs from that of the G4 granite. It shows low temperature of formation in the former (G1-3), characterized by recrystallization of quartz by bulging and development of biotite, muscovite, epidote. In the later (G4), it is characterized by high temperature of formation as indicated by dynamic recrystallization of the plagioclase by subgrain rotation and grain boundary migration. Based on these differences, we interpreted that the intrusion of the G4 is syntectonic with the D1 deformation while the metaryolite (G1), G2 and G3 granites were pretectonic to the D1. The G4 (Sewariya granite) was dated previously at 860 Ma that constrains the age D1 deformation and South Delhi orogeny. The G1, G2 and G3 (Sendra granite equivalent) were earlier dated at ca. 970 Ma which probably indicates age of rifting.

Keywords

Deformation fabric Metarhyolite Granite South Delhi terrane 860 Ma South Delhi orogeny 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Department of Earth Sciences, IIT Bombay for financial support during field work. Review by anonymous reviewers greatly improved the MS.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subhash Singh
    • 1
  • Anjali Shukla
    • 1
  • B. H. Umasankar
    • 1
  • Tapas Kumar Biswal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesIndian Institute of Technology BombayPowai, MumbaiIndia

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