A Framework for Quantifying Effects of Characterization Error on the Predicted Local Elastic Response in Polycrystalline Materials

  • Noah Wade
  • Michael D. Uchic
  • Amanda Criner
  • Lori Graham-BradyEmail author


Three-dimensional microstructural information has become increasingly important to advanced computational modeling, and future developments in the field rely on continued maturation of the technology. In this work, a framework for analyzing the error associated with the collection of 3D data sets is proposed. The framework allows users to evaluate errors introduced into the data collection process through the selection of various experimental parameters. Synthetically generated microstructures, called phantoms, are used as a baseline. A simple model for microstructural data collection via electron backscatter diffraction is established. This model is used to simulate data collection from the phantom microstructures, in order to make observations about the effects of individual characterization parameter selection. By comparing simulations to the original phantoms, direct error measurements can be made. Results show how resolution, sample size, and noise can affect the quality of data sets. Finally, the framework is used to show how errors in computational models based on reconstructed microstructures are dependent on the choice of characterization parameters used to generate these microstructures.


Microstructural characterization Uncertainty quantification Electron back-scatter diffraction Synthetic microstructure generation Finite element modeling Three-dimensional characterization Serial sectioning Error propagation Resolution Dream3D 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noah Wade
    • 1
  • Michael D. Uchic
    • 2
  • Amanda Criner
    • 2
  • Lori Graham-Brady
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Materials and Manufacturing DirectorateAir Force Research LaboratoryWright-Patterson AFB, DaytonUSA

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