Protected Areas

  • Josephine GillespieEmail author


This chapter considers the phenomenon of in situ conservation efforts through protected areas. The chapter proceeds in three parts. The first part defines protected areas and outlines the (relatively) recent history of the idea. The protected area movement is very much a phenomenon born from the nineteenth century romanticisation of landscape, most famously by luminaries such as Wordsworth, Muir and many others. Today, it is the major policy tool for environmental conservation. The second section in this chapter considers why protected areas are an essential part of the modern conservation agenda. The problem of rapidly accelerating biodiversity decline; devastating losses of habitats, ecosystems and species keeps in situ conservation at the forefront of efforts to halt or stem systemic collapse. The final part of this chapter looks at the failures of protected areas and argues that an approach informed by a different way of thinking is needed. Accordingly, we turn to consider how a legal geography lens could improve current governance and management challenges in protected areas.


Protected areas In situ conservation National park IUCN Aichi Targets Legal geography 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of GeosciencesUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia

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