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Patient with Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS)

  • Steven Eastlack
  • Cassandra Armstead-Williams
  • Christopher H. Bailey
  • Lexus Trosclair
  • Farees Hyatali
  • Shilpa Patil
  • Harish Siddaiah
  • Anitha Senthil
  • Aaya Mouhaffel
  • Elyse M. CornettEmail author
  • Alan David Kaye
Chapter
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

GBS is an acute ascending paralysis that can be fatal. This syndrome was first described in 1859 by JB Landry, but his clinical description was somewhat imprecise. It was not until Guillain, Barré, and Strohl published their findings in 1916 with more precise diagnostic criteria, that the medical community at large accepted GBS as an actual diagnosis. To properly honor all involved in the discovery of this clinical phenomenon GBS is sometimes called Landry-Guillain-Barre-Strohl syndrome. The precise pathophysiology of all GBS variants has never been fully explained. Therefore, GBS is characterized as a syndrome with multiple synonymous names, and labels, including but not limited to acute idiopathic polyneuritis, post-infectious polyneuropathy, and acute polyradiculitis. No matter what name is applied to the disease process when it affects a given patient, GBS is characterized by an acute, post-infectious, autoimmune process, that causes a paralysis that begins distally, then spreads medially and cephalad. And in the most fulminant cases, respiratory failure and an inability protect the airway develop.

Keywords

Guillain Barre Syndrome Neurological disorder Autoimmune 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven Eastlack
    • 1
  • Cassandra Armstead-Williams
    • 2
  • Christopher H. Bailey
    • 3
  • Lexus Trosclair
    • 4
  • Farees Hyatali
    • 5
  • Shilpa Patil
    • 5
  • Harish Siddaiah
    • 5
  • Anitha Senthil
    • 6
  • Aaya Mouhaffel
    • 5
  • Elyse M. Cornett
    • 5
    Email author
  • Alan David Kaye
    • 7
  1. 1.LSU Health Sciences Center School of MedicineNew OrleansUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyLSU Health Sciences CenterNew OrleansUSA
  3. 3.Division of Pain Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative MedicineMayo ClinicPhoenixUSA
  4. 4.LSU Health ShreveportShreveportUSA
  5. 5.Department of AnesthesiologyLSU Health ShreveportShreveportUSA
  6. 6.Department of AnesthesiologyLahey Hospital and Medical CenterBurlingtonUSA
  7. 7.Department of AnesthesiologyLSU Health ShreveportShreveportUSA

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