Structure and Surface Morphology Techniques for Biopolymers

  • Sabarish Radoor
  • Jasila Karayil
  • Aswathy Jayakumar
  • E. K. Radhakrishnan
  • Lakshmanan Muthulakshmi
  • Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa
  • Suchart Siengchin
  • Jyotishkumar ParameswaranpillaiEmail author


Different techniques such as optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, X-ray diffraction, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy are used for the examination of biopolymer-based materials. This chapter discusses the characterisation of structure and surface morphology of the biopolymers, their blends, and composites by these techniques. A careful examination of biopolymers, their blends and composites are essential for the fruitful application of these materials.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sabarish Radoor
    • 1
  • Jasila Karayil
    • 2
  • Aswathy Jayakumar
    • 3
  • E. K. Radhakrishnan
    • 3
  • Lakshmanan Muthulakshmi
    • 4
  • Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa
    • 1
  • Suchart Siengchin
    • 1
  • Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Process EngineeringThe Sirindhorn International Thai-German Graduate School of Engineering (TGGS), King Mongkut’s University of Technology North BangkokBangsue, BangkokThailand
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryGovernment Polytechnic Women’s CollegeCalicutIndia
  3. 3.School of BiosciencesMahatma Gandhi University, P.D. Hills (P.O.)KottayamIndia
  4. 4.Department of Materials ScienceMadurai Kamaraj UniversityMaduraiIndia
  5. 5.Center of Innovation in Design and Engineering for ManufacturingKing Mongkut’s University of Technology North BangkokBangsue, BangkokThailand

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