Advertisement

What Is Legal Reasoning About: A Jurisprudential Account

  • Damiano Canale
  • Giovanni TuzetEmail author
Chapter
  • 3 Downloads
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Institutions, Economics and Law book series (PSIEL)

Abstract

Legal reasoning is about the creation, application, and extinction of legal norms (rules, standards, or principles). Legislators and lawmakers argue about the creation and extinction of norms, or, more technically, about the enactment and abrogation of norms by the competent legal authorities. Judges and other officials argue about the application of norms, on the basis of the interpretation of the relevant legal texts.

In the judicial context, in particular, participants make arguments about the relevant facts and the application of law to these facts. Legal arguments divide into evidentiary and interpretive ones, where the former point at the reconstruction of what happened and the latter point at the ways in which legal texts can be interpreted. Both are necessary in the application of law.

Keywords

Legal reasoning Interpretive argument Evidentiary argument Fact Norm 

References

  1. Alchourrón, Carlos E. 1996. On Law and Logic. Ratio Juris 9: 331–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alexy, Robert. 1978. Theorie der juristischen Argumentation. Die Theorie des rationalen Diskurses als Theorie der juristischen Begründung. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. Engl. ed. 1989. A Theory of Legal Argumentation. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, Terence, David Schum, and William Twining. 2005. Analysis of Evidence. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bongiovanni, Giorgio, Gerald Postema, Antonino Rotolo, Giovanni Sartor, Chiara Valentini, and Douglas Walton, eds. 2018. Handbook of Legal Reasoning and Argumentation. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  5. Canale, Damiano, and Giovanni Tuzet. 2017. Analogical Reasoning and Extensive Interpretation. Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 103: 117–135. Reprinted in Analogy and Exemplary Reasoning in Legal Discourse, ed. Hendrik Kaptein and Bastiaan van der Velden, 65–86. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2018.Google Scholar
  6. Comanducci, Paolo. 2000. Ragionamento giuridico. In I metodi della giustizia civile, ed. Mario Bessone, Elisabetta Silvestri, and Michele Taruffo, 79–136. Padova: Cedam.Google Scholar
  7. Cserne, Péter. 2020. Economic Approaches to Legal Reasoning: An Overview. In Economics in Legal Reasoning, ed. Péter Cserne and Fabrizio Esposito, 25–41. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  8. Dworkin, Ronald. 1978. Taking Rights Seriously. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  9. ———. 1985. A Matter of Principle. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Endicott, Timothy A.O. 1996. Linguistic Indeterminacy. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 16: 667–697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Esposito, Fabrizio, and Giovanni Tuzet. 2020. Economic Consequences as Legal Values: A Legal Inferentialist Approach. In Law and Economics as Interdisciplinary Exchange. Philosophical, Methodological and Historical Perspectives, ed. Péter Cserne and Magdalena Małecka, 135–157. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Ferrer, Jordi. 2007. La valoración racional de la prueba. Madrid: Marcial Pons.Google Scholar
  13. Golding, Martin P. 1980. Legal Reasoning. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  14. Guastini, Riccardo. 2004. L’interpretazione dei documenti normativi. Milano: Giuffrè.Google Scholar
  15. Haack, Susan. 2014. Evidence Matters. Science, Proof, and Truth in the Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hart, Herbert L.A. 2013. Discretion. Harvard Law Review 127: 652–665.Google Scholar
  17. Llewellyn, Karl N. 1950. Remarks on the Theory of Appellate Decision and The Rules or Canons about How Statutes are to be Construed. Vanderbilt Law Review 3: 395–406.Google Scholar
  18. MacCormick, Neil. 1978. Legal Reasoning and Legal Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2nd ed. 1994.Google Scholar
  19. MacCormick, Neil, and Robert Summers, eds. 1991. Interpreting Statutes. Aldershot: Ashgate-Dartmouth.Google Scholar
  20. Marmor, Andrei. 2005. Interpretation and Legal Theory. Revised Second Edition. Oxford: Hart.Google Scholar
  21. Pardo, Michael S., and Ronald J. Allen. 2008. Juridical Proof and the Best Explanation. Law and Philosophy 27: 223–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Posner, Richard A. 1985. Wealth Maximization Revisited. Notre Dame Journal of Ethics and Public Policy 2: 85–105.Google Scholar
  23. ———. 2008. How Judges Think. Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Redmayne, Mike. 2006. The Structure of Evidence Law. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 26: 805–822.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sartor, Giovanni. 2002. Teleological Arguments and Theory-Based Dialectics. Artificial Intelligence and Law 10: 95–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. ———. 2005. Legal Reasoning. A Cognitive Approach to the Law. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  27. Schauer, Frederick. 2009. Thinking Like a Lawyer. A New Introduction to Legal Reasoning. Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Tarello, Giovanni. 1980. L’interpretazione della legge. Milano: Giuffrè.Google Scholar
  29. Tuzet, Giovanni. 2003. Legal Abductions. In Legal Knowledge and Information Systems: Jurix 2003, ed. Danielle Bourcier, 41–49. Amsterdam: IOS Press.Google Scholar
  30. Twining, William. 1990. Rethinking Evidence. Exploratory Essays. Oxford: Blackwell. 2nd ed. 2006. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Walton, Douglas. 2018. Legal Reasoning and Argumentation. In Handbook of Legal Reasoning and Argumentation, ed. G. Bongiovanni et al., 47–75. Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Walton, Douglas, Giovanni Sartor, and Fabrizio Macagno. 2018. Statutory Interpretation as Argumentation. In Handbook of Legal Reasoning and Argumentation, ed. G. Bongiovanni et al., 519–560. Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Westerman, P. 2010. Arguing about Goals. Argumentation 24: 211–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wintgens, Luc J., and Daniel Oliver-Lalana, eds. 2013. The Rationality and Justification of Legislation. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  35. Wróblewski, Jerzy. 1971. Leal Decision and Its Justification. Logique et Analyse 14: 409–419.Google Scholar
  36. ———. 1974. Legal Syllogism and Rationality of Judicial Decision. Rechtstheorie 5: 33–46.Google Scholar
  37. ———. 1992. The Judicial Application of Law. Dordrecht: Kluwer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Università commerciale Luigi BocconiMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations