The Queerness of Intelligence
- 7 Downloads
This chapter describes how intelligence activities and operatives have been ignored and silenced in contemporary international relations scholarship, suggesting that the actions of intelligence operatives have a queer ontological status, since such events are often not made a part of a nation’s formal history, are often covered over, and somehow treated as less real than the formal politics of treaties and invasions. The liminal status of the intelligence agent—ethically, legally, and politically—is also explicated.
KeywordsForeign policy Covert activity Surveillance Queer theory Gender
- Aldrich, Richard. 2011. International Intelligence Cooperation in Practice. In International Intelligence Cooperation and Accountability, ed. Hans Born, Ian Leigh, and Aidan Willis, 21. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- ———. 2014. Review of The Cambodian Wars: Clashing Armies and CIA Covert Operations, by Kenneth Conboy. American Historical Review 119 (4): 1246–1247.Google Scholar
- Bhabha, Homi. 1994. Of Mimicry and Man: The Ambivalence of Colonial Discourse. In The Location of Culture, 85–92. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Braden, Thomas. 1967. I’m Glad the CIA Is ‘Immoral.’ In “Speaking Out”, special issue. Saturday Evening Post, May 20. http://www.cambridgeclarion.org/press_cuttings/braden_20may1967.html. Accessed 27 Sept 2018.
- Clapper, James, and Trey Brown. 2018. Facts and Fears: Hard Truths from a Life in Intelligence. New York: Viking.Google Scholar
- Coll, Steve. 2005. Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001. New York: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
- Davis, Philip H.J., and Kristian C. Gustafson, eds. 2013. Intelligence Elsewhere: Spies and Espionage Outside the Anglosphere. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
- Devine, Jack. 2014. Good Hunting: An American Spymaster’s Story. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Enloe, Cynthia. 2014. Bananas, Beaches and Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics. 2nd ed. Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Foucault, Michel. 1978. History of Sexuality Part I: An Introduction. New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
- Gibson-Graham, J.K. 1996. Queer(y)ing Capitalist Organization. Social Organization of Knowledge 3 (4): 541–545.Google Scholar
- Goldman, Z. 2016. The Emergence of Intelligence Governance. In Global Intelligence Oversight: Governing Security in the Twenty-First Century, June 1. Oxford University Press. Retrieved August 9, 2019, from https://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458072.001.0001/acprof-9780190458072-chapter-9
- Herman, Michael. 2015. Intelligence as Threats and Reassurance. In Intelligence: The Secret World of Spies, ed. Loch Johnson and James J. Wirtz, 4th ed., 368–375. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Hieber, Hanne. 2005. ‘Mademoiselle Docteur’: The Life and Service of Imperial Germany’s Only Female Intelligence Officer. The Journal of Interdisciplinary History 5 (2): 91–108.Google Scholar
- Holst, A.H. 2005. Air America. In Encyclopedia of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, ed. R.P. Carlisle. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Kerby, Robert. 1980. “Air America Inc.,” Review of Air America: The Story of the CIA’s Secret Airlines, by Christopher Robbins. The Review of Politics 42 (4): 597–604.Google Scholar
- Leary, William. 2011. Air America. In Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.Google Scholar
- Leigh, Darcy. 2017. Queer Feminist International Relations: Uneasy Alliances, Productive Tensions. Alternatif Politika 9 (3): 343–360.Google Scholar
- Mahoney, M.H. 1993. Women in Espionage: A Biographical Dictionary. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.Google Scholar
- Martin, David. 1980. Wilderness of Mirrors: Intrigue, Deception and the Secrets that Destroyed Two of the Cold War’s Most Important Agents. Guilford: The Lyons Press.Google Scholar
- Mooney, Chris. 2001. Back to Church. The American Prospect, December 19. Available at https://prospect.org/article/back-church
- Murdock, Jason. 2016. Snowden’s NSA Files: America Has Been Spying on the EU, UN, World Bank and IMF. In “Cybersecurity”, special issue. International Business Times, November 17. https://www.ibtimes.co.uk/snowdens-nsa-files-america-has-been-spying-eu-un-world-bank-imf-1592108. Accessed 27 Sept 2018.
- Nolan, Bridget. 2018. From Petticoats to Trench Coats: The CIA as a Gendered Organization. Unpublished Paper Presented at the International Studies Association Annual Conference, April 4, San Francisco.Google Scholar
- Nutter, John Jacob. 2000. The CIA’s Black Ops: Covert Action, Foreign Policy and Democracy. Amherst: Prometheus Books.Google Scholar
- Ohlin, Jens David. 2017. Did Russian Cyber Interference in the 2016 Election Violate International Law? Texas Law Review 95 (7): 1157–1169.Google Scholar
- Prados, John. 1986. Presidents’ Secret Wars: CIA and Pentagon Covert Operations Since World War II. New York: William Morrow and Co.Google Scholar
- Proctor, Tammy. 2003. Female Intelligence: Women and Espionage in the First World War. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
- Project on Government Oversight. 2014. Pogo Supports Drone Strike Transparency in Intelligence Authorization Bill. May. Available at https://www.pogo.org/letter/2014/05/pogo-supports-drone-strike-transparency-in-intelligence-authorization-bill/. Accessed 5 Aug 2019.
- Rao, Rahul. 2016. The Diplomat and the Domestic: Or, Homage to Faking it. Millennium 45 (1): 102–112.Google Scholar
- Reuters. 2018. Julia Kristeva Was Communist Secret Agent, Bulgaria Claims. The Guardian, March 28. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/28/julia-kristeva-communist-secret-agent-bulgaria-claims. Accessed 28 Sept 2018.
- Rice, Condoleezza. 2011. No Higher Honor: A Memoir of My Years in Washington. New York: Broadway Paperbacks.Google Scholar
- Seppert, Elizabeth. 2010. Democracy, Human Rights, and Intelligence Sharing. Texas International Law Journal 46 (1): 151–207.Google Scholar
- US Department of the Treasury. 2018. Treasury Sanctions Russian Cyber Actors for Interference with the 2016 US Elections and Malicious Cyber Attacks. Press Releases, US Department of the Treasury, March 15. https://home.treasury.gov/news/press-releases/sm0312. Accessed 28 Sept 2018.
- Weber, Cynthia. 2016. What Is Told Is Always in the Telling: Reflections on Faking It in 21st Century IR/Global Politics. Millennium 45 (1): 119–130.Google Scholar
- Weiner, Tim. 2007. Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
- Weiss, Brennan. 2018. A Russian Troll Factory Had a 1.25 Million Dollar Monthly Budget to Interfere in the 2016 US Election. Business Insider, February 16.Google Scholar
- Wetzler, Rachel. 2018. The American Academic Mistaken for a Spy. New Republic, July 17.Google Scholar
- Williams, Jeffrey. 2004. The Low-Down on the Down Low. The Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide 11 (6): 4–24.Google Scholar
- Wilson, Eric, ed. 2009. Government of the Shadows: Parapolitics and Criminal Sovereignty. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
- Wilson, Andrew, and Todd Lindeman. 2013. The Black Budget. The Washington Post, August 29. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/special/national/black-budget/?noredirect=on