A Structural Feature Based Automatic Vehicle Classification System at Toll Plaza

  • Vivek Singh
  • Amish Srivastava
  • Snehal Kumar
  • Rajib GhoshEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1122)


Most of the existing toll collection systems in vehicle toll plazas in India are manual in nature. Automation of toll collection systems at toll plazas will make the system a lot faster and fraud-free. The primary task for building such a system is to classify the vehicles arriving at toll plazas because accordingly the amount of toll varies. Most of the existing works in this regard have focused on tracking and detecting of on-road vehicles, but very few of them tried to classify the vehicles. This article presents a novel machine learning based approach to detect vehicles arriving in toll plazas along with their types or classes. In this approach, various structural features are extracted from each vehicle before feeding those features to different classifiers. An exhaustive experiment has been performed on a large self-generated dataset using five different classifiers - Gaussian naive Bayes, Multinomial naive Bayes, Logistic regression, Random forest and Support Vector Classifier (SVC). An encouraging accuracy of 96.15% is obtained from the present system.


Traffic monitoring Vehicle type identification Toll plaza Structural features Machine learning 


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vivek Singh
    • 1
  • Amish Srivastava
    • 1
  • Snehal Kumar
    • 1
  • Rajib Ghosh
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.National Institute of Technology PatnaPatnaIndia

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