Advertisement

Water Resources of the Russian Part of the Baltic Sea Basin and Their Possible Changes Under Global Warming

  • Mikhail V. GeorgievskyEmail author
  • Maria A. Mamaeva
Chapter
  • 26 Downloads
Part of the Springer Water book series (SPWA)

Abstract

The chapter presents the results of studies on the assessment of streamflow in the rivers of the Russian part of the Baltic Sea basin, carried out by specialists from the State Hydrological Institute in different years, including assessments for the territory of the former Soviet Union. An overview of monographs and other reference publications on the country’s water resources assessment, with an emphasis on water resources estimates defined for the Baltic Sea basin. The changes in water resources and hydrological regime of the rivers occurring since the end of the 70s—the beginning of the 80s of the last century on the territory of Russia under the influence of climate change are described. Predictive estimates of possible changes in river streamflow made at the State Hydrological Institute are presented. Finally, conclusions are given regarding the prospects for solving problems in the study of water resources presented at the last VII All-Russian Hydrological Congress.

Keywords

Water resources Water balance Forecasting estimates Baltic Sea basin Climate impact (change) 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to all the former and current staff of the State Hydrological Institute who have been directly involved in development of assessment methods and in water resources problems research, on the basis of which this chapter was prepared.

References

  1. 1.
    Korzun VI (ed) (1974) World water balance and water resources of the earth. Report of the USSR Committee for the IHD. Gidromet, Leningrad, 663 pp. Izdatel (English translation 1977–78: Studies and reports in hydrology No. 25. UNESCO, Paris)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shiklomanov IA, Rodda J (eds) (2003) World water resources at the beginning of the 21st century. UNESCO, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p 436Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Abu-Zeid M, Shiklomanov IA (2004) Water resources as a challenge of the twenty-first century. WMO-No. 959, Geneva, 146 pGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Water Resources and Water Balance of the Territory of the Soviet Union (1967). Hydrometiozdat, Leningrad, 200 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Water resources of the USSR and their use (1987) Hydrometizdat, Leningrad, 301 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shiklomanov IA (ed) (2008) Water resources of Russia and their use. State Hydrological Institute, St. Petersburg, 600 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Water resources of the non-chernozem zone of the RSFSR (1980) State Hydrological Institute, Leningrad, 214 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Annual Reference Publication (2017) Surface and groundwater resources, their use and quality, 2016. Roshydromet, Moscow, 164 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Shevchuk AV, Petrunin VV, Seliverstova MV (ed) (2007) The water code of the Russian Federation—comments. MoscowGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Postanovleniye Pravitelsta RF ot 19 aprelya 2012 g. No 350 «O federalnoy tselevoy programme Razvitiye vodokhozyaistvennogo kompleksa Rossiyskoy Federattsiyi v 2012–2020 godakh» [Decree of the Russian Federation Government dated April 19, 2012 No 350 «On the Federal Target Program Development 2 of Water Complex of the Russian Federation in 2012–2020» (available on the website: http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/70066354 /#ixzz4pvpf1v8l)
  11. 11.
    Rasporyazheniye Pravitelstva RF ot 27 avgusta 2009 goda No 1235-p «Ob utverzhdeniyi vodnoy strategiyi Rossiyskoy Federatsiyi na period do 2020 goda» [Decree of the Russian Federation Government dated August 27, 2009 «On approval of the Water Strategy of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020»] (available on the website: http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/2069399/)
  12. 12.
    Scheme of integrated use and protection of water bodies of the Republic of Karelia within the Baltic Sea basin (Russian part of the basins), vols 1–6 (available on the website: http://www.nord-west-water.ru/activities/ndv/scheme-of-complex-use-and-protection-of-water-bodies-of-karelia-the-baltic-sea-basin-russian-part-of-the-basin-approved-documents/)
  13. 13.
    Scheme of integrated use and protection of water bodies of the Neva River basin (within the territory of St. Petersburg and Leningrad region), vols 1–6 (available on the website: http://www.nord-west-water.ru/activities/ndv/scheme-of-complex-use-and-protection-of-water-bodies-in-the-basin-of-the-river-neva/)
  14. 14.
    Scheme of integrated use and protection of water bodies of the rivers and lakes of the Gulf of Finland basin (from the border of the Russian Federation with Finland to the north border of the Neva River basin), vols 1–6 (available on the website: http://www.nord-west-water.ru/activities/ndv/fz-33515/)
  15. 15.
    Scheme of integrated use and protection of water bodies of the Luga River basin and the rivers of Gulf of Finland basin (from the northern border of the Luga River basin to the southern border of the Neva River basin), vols 1–6. (available on the website: http://www.nord-west-water.ru/activities/ndv/luga-33514/)
  16. 16.
    Scheme of integrated use and protection of water bodies of the Volkhov River basin (excluding the part in Leningrad region), vols 1–6. (available on the website: http://www.nord-west-water.ru/activities/ndv/volhov2015/)
  17. 17.
    Scheme of integrated use and protection of water bodies of the Narva River basin (Russian part of the basin), vols 1–6 (available on the website: http://www.nord-west-water.ru/activities/ndv/scheme-of-complex-use-and-protection-of-water-bodies-in-the-basin-of-the-narva-river-approved-documents/)
  18. 18.
    Scheme of integrated use and protection of water bodies of the Zapadnaya Dvina River basin (Russian part of the basin), vols 1–6 (available on the website: http://priroda.pskov.ru/vidy-deyatelnosti/vidy-deyatelnosti/vodopolzovanie/skiovo-i-ndv)
  19. 19.
    Scheme of integrated use and protection of water bodies of the Neman River basin and the rivers of Baltic Sea basin (Russian part in Kaliningrad region), vols 1–6 (available on the website: http://www.nord-west-water.ru/activities/ndv/scheme-of-complex-use-and-protection-of-water-resources-in-the-neman-river-basin-and-rivers-of-baltic-sea-basin-russian-part-in-the-kaliningrad-region/)
  20. 20.
    Report on climate peculiarities in the Russian Federation in 2016 (2017) Moscow, 70 p (available on the website: http://climatechange.igce.ru/)
  21. 21.
    Georgievsky VY, Shalygin AL (2012) Hydrological regime and water resources. In: Methods for assessing the effects of climate change on physical and biological systems. Chapter 2, Roshydromet, Moscow, pp 53–86 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dzhamalov RG, Frolova NL, Krichevets GN, Safronova TI, Kireeva MB, Igonina MI (2012) Formation of modern resources of surface and ground waters in the European part of Russia. Water Resour 39(6):571–589 (in Russian)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Assessment report on climate change and its consequences on the territory of the Russian Federation, 2008b (2008) vol. II. Roshydromet, Moscow, 288 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Shiklomanov IA, Georgievsky VY (2007) Modern and perspective changes in the flow of Russian rivers under the influence of climatic factors. Water resources of land in conditions of a changing climate. SPb Science, pp 20–32 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kislov AV, Evstigneev VM, Malkhazova SM, Sokolikhina NN et al (2008) Forecasting the climatic resource availability of the East European Plain in the conditions of the 21st century warming. MAKS Press, Moscow, p 292 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Alekseevsky NI, Dzhamalov RG, Frolova NL, Povalishnikova ES, Antonova MM (2011) Assessment of the impact of climate change on the water regime and the resources of surface and groundwater in the Volga basin. Current problems of reservoirs and their reservoirs: in 4 volume, p 568, vol. III. In: Water resources management in the river basin: works of the international. Scientific-practical conference (17–20 May 2011, Perm). Perm State University, Perm, pp 3–9 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Alekseevsky NI, Frolova NL, Antonova MM, Igonina MI (2013) Assessment of the impact of climate change on the water regime and river runoff in the Volga basin. Water Chem Ecol 4:3–12 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    The second assessment report of ROSHYDROMET on climate change and its consequences on the territory of the Russian Federation. General summary (2014). Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (Rosgidromet), Moscow, p 30 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Meehl GA, Covey C, Delworth T et al (2007) The WCRP CMIP3 multimodel dataset—a new era in climate change research. Bull Am Meteor Soc 88(9):1383–1394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Taylor KE, Stouffer RJ, Meehl GA (2012) An overview of CMIP5 and the experiment design. Bull Am Meteor Soc 93:485–498.  https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00094.1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    IPCC (2007) In: Solomon S (ed) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 940 ppGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    IPCC (2013). Climate change 2013: the physical science basis. In: Stocker TF, Qin D, Plattner GK, Tignor M, Allen SK, Boschung J, Nauels A, Xia Y, Bex V, Midgley PM (eds) Contribution of working group I to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USAGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Georgiadi AG, Koronkevich NI, Milyukova IP, Kislov AV, Anisimov OA, Barabanova EA, Kashutina EA, Borodin OO (2011) Scenario assessment of the likely changes in river flow in the basins of the largest rivers in Russia: Part 1. The basin of the Lena River. MAX Press, Moscow, p 180 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Georgiadi AG, Milyukova IP (2012) Scenario assessment of changes in the runoff of the Volga and Don rivers, possible in the first third of the 21st century. In: Problems of geography, coll. 133, geographical and hydrological studies, pp 224–236 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Georgievsky VY, Shalygin AL, Molchanova TG (2013) Water regime of the Russian Federation in conditions of climate change. In: Tez. doc. VII All-Russian hydrological congress. Section 2 Water resources and water balance of water bodies, No 6 (in Russian). http://www.7hydro.ru/index.php/en/agenda
  36. 36.
    Kattsov VM, Govorkova VA, (2013) Expected changes in surface air temperature, precipitation and annual runoff in Russia in the 21st century: results of calculations using an ensemble of global climate models (CMIP5). In: Proceedings of VMGO, issue 569, pp 75–97 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kislov AV, Grebenets VI, Evstigneev VM, Konishchev VN, Sidorova MV, Surkova GV, Tumel NV (2011) Consequences of possible climate warming in the XXI century century in the north of Eurasia. Bull Moscow State Univ Ser 5 Geogr 3:3–8 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Chon VC, Mokhov II (2012) Hydrological regime of the basins of the largest rivers of Northern Eurasia in the XX-XXI centuries. Water Resour 39(1):3–12 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Shiklomanov IA, Georgievsky VY, Shalygin AL, Georgievsky MV, Golovanov OF, Shiklomanov AI (2008) Water resources: forecast estimates, in the book. In: Shiklomanov IA (ed) Water resources of Russia and their use, Chap. 11.2, pp 442–464 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Gusev EM, Nasonova ON, Kovalev EE, Eisel GV (2018) The impact of possible climate change on river runoff located in different regions of the globe. Russ Meteorol Hydrol 6:77–86 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Georgievsky MV, Golovanov OF (2015) Forecasting changes in river runoff in the Amur River basin for the future up to 2020 and 2050 based on data of general atmospheric and ocean circulation models. In: Georgievsky VY (ed) Extreme leashes in the Amur River basin: hydrological aspects. Satellite work on hydrology. State Hydrological Institute, St. Petersburg, pp 152–168 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    VII All-Russian Hydrological Congress (2013) Theses of plenary reports, 19–21 Nov 2013. Roshydromet, St. Petersburg, p 101 (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Hydrological Institute (SHI)St. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.St. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations