Concussion Prevention

  • Kathleen M. WeberEmail author
  • Elizabeth B. Portin


The primary prevention of sport-related concussions (“SRCs”) has received significantly less scholarly attention from researchers and clinicians than other aspects of SRCs, such as SRC monitoring and management. Current research into strategies for primary concussion prevention focus on protective gear, proper technique, neck strengthening, rule changes, legislation, and education, especially in contact sports that pose the greatest SRC risk to participants, such as football, hockey, soccer, and rugby. To the frustration and surprise of many, such research has failed to prove the efficacy of the most seemingly obvious SRC prevention strategies in these areas. This is likely because there is no panacea to prevent SRCs, and no strategy is universally applicable across age, gender, and positions within the same sport. Ultimately, concussion prevention will require an overall shift in the attitudes of coaches, players, and spectators towards putting safety above competitiveness, for example, by promoting fair play rules and enforcing penalties for unsafe plays.


Prevention strategies Safety Competitiveness Fair play Penalties Protective gear Technique Neck strengthening Rules Legislation Education 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryRush University Medical Center, Midwest Orthopaedics at RushChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsRush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA

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