Foundation of Sampling Surveys

  • Shelemyahu Zacks
Part of the Statistics for Industry, Technology, and Engineering book series (SITE)


There are two basic approaches to sampling from finite populations: The Design Approach and the Modeling Approach. In the Design Approach randomness is introduced into the schemes of choosing the elements (units) of the populations to the samples. In the Modeling Approach the values observed of the population units are considered random variables, having a prescribed joint distributions. This was also called in the literature the super-population approach.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shelemyahu Zacks
    • 1
  1. 1.McLeanUSA

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