Memorialization in Rwanda: The Legal, Social, and Digital Constructions of the Memorial Narrative

  • Stephanie WolfeEmail author
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Memory Studies book series (PMMS)


Following the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, the country has been transformed. Among these transformations was the creation of a series of memorials to document, preserve, and commemorate the genocide. In 2016, the National Commission for the Fight Against Genocide (CNLG) estimated there were 265 official memorials; however, this number is ever changing as memorials are created, centralized, or merged. While memorials are now highly legislated by governmental bureaucracy, they were not always. Memorials continue to be significantly influenced by internal survivor organizations such as IBUKA, external NGOs such as AEGIS Trust, and other individuals and/or foreign governmental authorities who donate time, money, and resources. The resultant memory practices have ranged from contentious to complimentary, with distinct differences between the memorials depending on when they were built and survivor input. Finally, memorials are increasing their digital presence through both governmental and non-governmental practices.


Rwanda Genocide Memorials Commemoration CNLG 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Weber State UniversityOgdenUSA

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