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Conclusion

  • Daniel LambachEmail author
  • Markus Bayer
  • Felix S. Bethke
  • Matteo Dressler
  • Véronique Dudouet
Chapter
  • 5 Downloads

Abstract

This chapter summarizes our findings from previous chapters and connects them to debates about democratic crisis in the West and elsewhere. Our case studies show that maintaining democracy is an ongoing process and that democracy needs active citizens to mobilize in its defence. Crucially, democracies are more resilient than they sometimes get credit for—to some degree, dissent and conflict are elements of, not threats to democracy. But democracy needs a new vision that speaks to citizens who feel commoditized and alienated in a globalized economy without slipping into populist rhetoric. Our research might provide some inspiration for such a vision based on the empowerment of an active and engaged citizenry.

Keywords

Democratic crisis Democratic backsliding Democratic erosion Active citizenship Mobilization Populism 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Lambach
    • 1
    Email author
  • Markus Bayer
    • 2
  • Felix S. Bethke
    • 3
  • Matteo Dressler
    • 4
  • Véronique Dudouet
    • 5
  1. 1.Goethe University FrankfurtFrankfurt am MainGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Political ScienceUniversity of Duisburg-EssenDuisburgGermany
  3. 3.Peace Research Institute FrankfurtFrankfurtGermany
  4. 4.Flemish Peace InstituteBrusselsBelgium
  5. 5.Conflict Transformation ResearchBerghof Foundation BerlinBerlinGermany

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