Transformation of Childhood in a Digital World
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The paper deals with the problem of transformation of childhood as a social construct, issues of changes in the elements of phenomenon of a group of children under the influence of digitization of all areas of life. The main trends of reorganization of growing-up processes, socialization and identification of modern children are identified: the emergence of a new criterion for social stratification – multitasking capabilities of an individual; exacerbation of the crisis of “the optimum form” and the formation of the phenomenon of “eternal puberty”; powerful growth of the “industry of emotions”, which exploits emotional area of a child by increasing the “degree” of expressivity and shock value of content, dependence on a constant influx of emotions; the growth of the background mode of transmission of information and forcing a child to consume (the problem of involuntary multitasking); increased differentiation within the group of children caused by the algorithm of operation and analysis of search queries on the Internet and the completion of the cultural circle (development space) by information that is automatically selected and proposed by the System; elitization of the cultural capital of society; disappearance of “the optimum form” as the cultural behavior pattern; the limits of cultural integration based on digital connectivity and the risks of the maximum integration (unification) of meanings in the form of impossibility of the “New”, as wek as impossibility of development are outlined.
A secondary analysis of the results of the social research into the audience of digital audio content is carried out. The authors point out the need to overcome erosion of the growing-up space and the image of an adult, to develop new mechanisms for the translation of cultural background, as well as relevant cognitive adaptive responses to challenges of the digital world.
KeywordsDisappearance of childhood Kidult Digital media Identity Industry of emotions “Optimum form” Multitasking
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