Cognitive Safety as the Basic Condition for Digitization of Cultural Heritage

  • Mikhail Iu. ZakharovEmail author
  • Irina E. Starovoytova
  • Anastasia V. Shishkova
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1100)


The article considers the problems arising in information society due to the necessity of digitization of cultural heritage: cognitive impoverishment of the society; commodification of knowledge; difficulty of separation of valuable knowledge from the communal information realm for its transfer to future generation; determination of cultural value of knowledge; inadequacy of computer security for protection of knowledge; digitization of tacit knowledge. The article focuses on difficulties of presentation and transfer of knowledge falling beyond the scope of the paradigm of scientific rationality – tacit (silent) knowledge. Methodology: In the study, the following classical theoretical philosophical methods were used: generalization, analogy, abstraction, analysis and synthesis. Moreover, the authors applied the comparative method, logical and gnoseological analysis and analytical and descriptive method for preliminary systematization of the accumulated data. Results: 1. An analysis of the features of tacit knowledge from ancient times (Laozi) to modern day is presented; problems and prospects of transformation of tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge in the context of current information technologies (including machine learning and artificial intelligence) are discussed. 2. An argument is made that studies in the area of tacit knowledge will help improve the model of human behavior and therefore promote further development of artificial intelligence. 3. The problem of information security in the modern society is considered: the authors conclude that a broader concept – cognitive safety – should be introduced and further developed. In the framework of cognitive safety, the problem of protection of communal intellectual and spiritual heritage can be solved. Recommendations: The presented results can be used in further studies of the problem of cultural heritage digitization, in development of applications and guidelines for a wide circle of state, commercial and non-profit organizations and institutions to be put in practice.


Cultural heritage Digitization Cognitive safety Tacit knowledge Artificial intelligence 

JEL Code

Z10 0330 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mikhail Iu. Zakharov
    • 1
    Email author
  • Irina E. Starovoytova
    • 1
  • Anastasia V. Shishkova
    • 1
  1. 1.State University of ManagementMoscowRussian Federation

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