Advertisement

Brotweg—A Path of Bread in an Alpine Environment: New Mechanical Solutions for Grain Processing in Steep Mountain Slopes

  • Sabrina MayrEmail author
  • Riccardo Brozzi
  • Alice Cervellieri
  • Thomas Desaler
  • Raimondo Gallo
  • Josef Gamper
  • Bernhard Geier
  • Laurin Holzner
  • Pasqualina Sacco
  • Fabrizio Mazzetto
Conference paper
  • 30 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 67)

Abstract

A remarkable area of the cultivable land in South Tyrol has an inclination above 30%, which precludes the use of conventional machines for its cultivation. The project “Brotweg” is facing this problem by developing technologies for grain cultivation in a steep mountain environment up to an inclination of 70%. Furthermore, a technical solution for the whole grain processing after harvesting up to the production of bread is evolved. With the help of an entire facility the grain processing can be performed directly at the farm, which allows the farmer to act more independent while increasing his profitability. The aim of this project is to offer farmers an alternative or a supplement to livestock and dairy farming. It will improve and facilitate the working condition for farmers. To reach these goals many issues must be solved: (a) Mechanical solutions for grain seeding and harvesting in steep slopes must be developed. One of the main challenges thereby is to prevent erosion. (b) A solution for grain processing and conservation on the farm must be found. The existing structures of a farm are limiting the size of the facility. (c) The grain is processed to bread directly on the farm and distributed in a further step. The whole processing path must satisfy all safety restrictions, environmental terms and consider all possible geological problems of a steep mountain slope. We present the implementation of a grain processing facility in an existing farm structure and the development of the seeding and harvesting machines for steep slopes.

Keywords

Processing cereals Grain cultivation Steep mountain environment Grain seeding and harvesting Bread 

References

  1. Autonome Provinz Bozen-Südtirol-Abteilung Landwirtschaft. Erschwernispunkte in der Berglandwirtschaft.Google Scholar
  2. Baker, C. J., Saxton, K. E., Baker, C. J., & Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (Eds.). (2007). No-tillage seeding in conservation agriculture (2nd ed.). Wallingford, UK; Cambridge, MA: Published jointly by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and Cabi Pub. ISBN 978-1-84593-116-2 978-92-5-105389-8. OCLC: ocm62525148.Google Scholar
  3. Bodenbearbeitung und Bestellung: Definition von Bodenbearbeitungs- und Bestellsystemen. Fachartikel, Kuratorium für Technik und Bauwesen in der Landwirtschaft, 2015.Google Scholar
  4. Humpisch, G. (1998). Getreide lagern: Belüften und Trocknen; Einführung in Grundlagen, Technik. Bergen/Dumme: Anwendung. Buchedition Agrimedia. ISBN 978-3-86037-090-2. OCLC: 76016894.Google Scholar
  5. Mirnezami, S. V., & Chegini, G. (2016). Experimental comparison of combine performance with two harvesting methods: Stripper header and conventional header. Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal, 18(1), 192–200.Google Scholar
  6. Notarnicola, B., Tassielli, G., Renzulli, P. A., Castellani, V., & Sala, S. (2017). Environmental impacts of food consumption in Europe. Journal of Cleaner Production, 140, 753–765.Google Scholar
  7. Tado, C. J. M., Wacker, P., Kutzbach, H. D., & Suministrado, D. C. (1998). Development of stripper harvesters: A review. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 71(2).  https://doi.org/10.1006/jaer.1998.0318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sabrina Mayr
    • 1
    Email author
  • Riccardo Brozzi
    • 2
  • Alice Cervellieri
    • 1
  • Thomas Desaler
    • 3
  • Raimondo Gallo
    • 1
  • Josef Gamper
    • 4
  • Bernhard Geier
    • 5
  • Laurin Holzner
    • 1
  • Pasqualina Sacco
    • 2
  • Fabrizio Mazzetto
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Science and Technology of Free University of Bolzano/BozenBolzanoItaly
  2. 2.Fraunhofer ItaliaBolzanoItaly
  3. 3.Neuero Italiana S.A.SMeranoItaly
  4. 4.Taser AlmScenaItaly
  5. 5.Geier srlMarlengoItaly

Personalised recommendations