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Utilization of Glycerol from Biodiesel Industry By-product into Several Higher Value Products

  • Zahrul MufrodiEmail author
  • Erna Astuti
  • Arief Budiman
  • Supranto
  • Sutijan
  • Agus Prasetya
  • Rochmadi
Chapter
  • 16 Downloads
Part of the Applied Environmental Science and Engineering for a Sustainable Future book series (AESE)

Abstract

Since the 1980s the energy demand has been increasing steadily, including diesel fuel. On the other hand the oil reserve in the world was increasingly limited because of being the product that could not be renewed. Therefore, effort was carried out to look for the alternative fuel that could be renewed and environment friendly. The alternative energy from new renewable energy is a solution to reduce the dependence of fossil energy. The renewable energy consists of the energy of water, wind, biomass or biofuels, solar energy, ocean energy, and geothermal energy. One of the biofuels is biodiesel. Biodiesel is diesel fuel which is made from vegetable oil by transesterification. The abundance of glycerol will result in declining sales value of glycerol as a by-product of the biodiesel plant. It should be anticipated to improve the usefulness of glycerol both in terms of quantity and its variants. The increasing usefulness of glycerol will result in the higher price of glycerol that will increase the profitability of biodiesel plants. Among the usefulness of glycerol investigated is as an ingredient in pharmaceutical products, polyether, emulsifiers, fabric softener, stabilizers, preservatives in bread, ice cream, cosmetic ingredients, a propellant binder, and others. This chapter explains the utilization of glycerol to produce triacetin as bioadditive and polyglycidyl nitrate (PGN) as a propellant binder. Triacetin is used to increase octane number of fuel and improve the biodiesel’s performance. Propellant binder consists of two kinds of non-energetic polymers and polymer energetic. The most energetic polymer is PGN. The focus of this chapter is to determine each step of reactions, operating conditions of process and the results of products.

Keywords

Glycerol Utilization By-product Triacetin Polyglycidyl nitrate 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zahrul Mufrodi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Erna Astuti
    • 1
  • Arief Budiman
    • 2
  • Supranto
    • 2
  • Sutijan
    • 2
  • Agus Prasetya
    • 2
  • Rochmadi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversitas Ahmad DahlanYogyakartaIndonesia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversitas Gadjah MadaYogyakartaIndonesia

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