Simplified Test Bench Used to Reproduce Child Facial Damage During a Frontal Collision

  • Alejandro Cuautle-Estrada
  • Christopher René Torres-SanMiguelEmail author
  • Guillermo Urriolagoitia-Sosa
  • Luis Martínez-Sáez
  • Beatriz Romero-Ángeles
  • Guillermo Manuel Urriolagoitia-Manuel
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 124)


Around 186,300 children died from unintentional accidental injuries each year (Li et al. in Public Health 144:S57–S61, 2017 [1]). The main cause of death was head injuries. There is a lack of studies about face injuries in children due to a crash impact. The present research focuses on the design of an innovative test bench capable to assess damage in children during a vehicular collision trying to simulate a facial frontal impact. FMVSS 208 standard was considered to design the test bench. In addition, Asimov Morris methodology was used to build a simplified impact platform (Hollowell et al. in NHTSA Docket, 1999 [2]). Kinovea® software was applied to obtain speed and acceleration parameters for the test bench and these parameters by videogrametry. The outcome shows a simplified system that uses gravity force blending with elastic bands to reach a collision speed. These associations avoid the need to create a mechanism with large dimensions. Finally, analytical and experimental analysis was carried out to assess a specific facial injury in an artificial child head.


Test bench Frontal impact Cranioencephalic injury Passive safety HIC Videogrametry 



The authors thank for the support to National Polytechnic Institute (IPN) and National Council for Science and Technology (CONACYT) to make this work possible and the participation of the biomechanics group of  INSIA incorporated to the Polytechnic University of  Madrid (UPM), from Spain. The authors also thank the support of projects 1931 and 20196710, as well as an  EDI grant, all by SIP/IPN.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alejandro Cuautle-Estrada
    • 1
  • Christopher René Torres-SanMiguel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Guillermo Urriolagoitia-Sosa
    • 1
  • Luis Martínez-Sáez
    • 2
  • Beatriz Romero-Ángeles
    • 1
  • Guillermo Manuel Urriolagoitia-Manuel
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica, Sección de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación, Unidad Profesional Adolfo López MateosCiudad de MéxicoMexico
  2. 2.Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Instituto Universitario de Investigación del AutomóvilMadridSpain

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