ATR-FTIR Analysis of Melamine Resin, Phenol-Formaldehyde Resin and Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Rubber Blend Modified by High-Energy Electron Beam Radiation

  • Ivan Kopal
  • Juliána VrškováEmail author
  • Marta Harničárová
  • Ján Valíček
  • Darina Ondrušová
  • Ján Krmela
  • Peter Hybler
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 124)


The influence of high-energy electron beam irradiation on melamine resin, phenol-formaldehyde resin and acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber blend was studied. The response of the studied material to 5 MeV electron beam irradiation with doses from 77 up to 284 kGy was examined and compared to non-irradiated material using the attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The infrared spectra were acquired in an absorbance mode for wavenumbers ranging from 4000 to 450 cm−1.The effect of electron beam radiation on the chemistry of the irradiated material was proven by varying the peak intensity for the absorption bands of the functional groups of the blend and its individual components. The infrared spectrum analysis demonstrated that at radiation doses of up to 150 kGy in the test blend, the intensity of the radiation-induced cross-linking reactions prevailed over the intensity of the polymer chain cleavage reactions and the breaking of the intermolecular bonds between them. At higher doses of absorbed radiation, radiation-induced degradation processes begin to dominate.



This research work has been supported by the Slovak Scientific Grant Agency project VEGA 1/0589/17, Slovak grant project KEGA 002TnUAD-4/2019, by the research and development project MSMT-15304/2017-1, the INTER-EXCELLENCE programme “European Anthroposphere as a Source of Raw Materials” LTC 17051 and by the project “Centre for quality testing and diagnostics of materials—CEDITEK”, ITMS code 26210120046 relating to the Operational Program Research and project “Advancement and support of R&D for “Centre for diagnostics and quality testing of materials in the domains of the RIS3 SK specialization”, code NFP313010W442.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ivan Kopal
    • 1
  • Juliána Vršková
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marta Harničárová
    • 3
    • 4
  • Ján Valíček
    • 3
    • 4
  • Darina Ondrušová
    • 1
  • Ján Krmela
    • 1
  • Peter Hybler
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Industrial Technologies in PuchovAlexander Dubček University of TrenčínPúchovSlovakia
  2. 2.Progresa Final SK, s.r.oBratislavaSlovakia
  3. 3.Technical FacultySlovak Univerzity of Agriculture in NitraNitraSlovakia
  4. 4.Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical EngineeringInstitute of Technology and Business in České BudějoviceČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic

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