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JDC’s Relief Efforts and the Holocaust in Rzeszów County

  • Joanna SliwaEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Genocide book series (PSHG)

Abstract

Crates with hundreds of records documenting Holocaust-era aid provided to Polish Jews by the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC, the Joint) that miraculously survived World War II surfaced from a hiding place in Krakow in 1945. The JDC, an international arm of the American Jewish community established to provide rescue, relief, and rehabilitation to needy Jews around the world, operated openly in Poland until the United States’ entry into the war. The records of the JDC’s Warsaw Office, from 1939 to 1941, address the first phase of the Holocaust, just prior to the establishment of most of the ghettos in Poland. Correspondence among various localities and the JDC’s headquarters Warsaw and regional offices in larger cities, as well as reports of JDC representatives, financial materials, name lists of aid recipients and those in need, personal letters and postcards, official documents, and other sources illuminate aspects of Jewish life in the outlying areas of German-occupied Poland during this early period of the Holocaust. This chapter shows how the JDC records allow for a deeper understanding of the situation, the hopes and fears, the choices, or the lack thereof, of Jews in Poland in the early years of the German occupation.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Claims ConferenceNew YorkUSA

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