Bilateral Congenital Cataracts
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Congenital cataract is the leading cause of preventable childhood blindness. The purpose of this review is to discuss a systematic approach to the evaluation of bilateral congenital cataracts, both hereditary and non-hereditary. Children with bilateral cataracts require a detailed history and ophthalmic and systemic examination to guide further genetic and systemic evaluation. It is important to communicate with the pediatrician as well during this process. With advances in genetic testing, it is possible to identify causes for sporadic cataracts, as well as assess phenotype-genotype correlation of cataracts.
KeywordsCongenital cataract Hereditary cataract Syndromic cataract Infantile cataract Genetic disorders of lens Laboratory testing Genetic testing
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