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Pediatric Cataract Surgery in the Developing World

  • Lee M. WoodwardEmail author
  • Amadou Alfa Bio Issifou
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Abstract

Cataracts are a treatable cause of worldwide childhood blindness. Lower-income countries have the highest rates of visual disability related to childhood cataracts. Managing childhood cataracts presents unique challenges in the developing world involving a team of professionals capable of both providing pediatric eye care and addressing relevant public health issues. Poor awareness and lack of screening programs lead to delayed presentation for children with cataracts in the developing world. Limited surgical equipment and supplies dictate surgical technique and decision-making. Follow-up care is limited due to financial constraints and long travel distance. Post-operative optical rehabilitation with spectacles or contacts are typically not realistic options, which makes primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in children highly important for treating associated amblyopia.

Keywords

Childhood cataracts Childhood blindness Intraocular lens Developing world Low-income countries Pediatric cataract surgery 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BayCare Clinic Eye SpecialistsGreen BayUSA
  2. 2.University of Parakou, Faculty of Medicine, Department of OphthalmologyParakouRepublic of Benin

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