Pediatric Cataract Surgery in the Developing World
- 19 Downloads
Cataracts are a treatable cause of worldwide childhood blindness. Lower-income countries have the highest rates of visual disability related to childhood cataracts. Managing childhood cataracts presents unique challenges in the developing world involving a team of professionals capable of both providing pediatric eye care and addressing relevant public health issues. Poor awareness and lack of screening programs lead to delayed presentation for children with cataracts in the developing world. Limited surgical equipment and supplies dictate surgical technique and decision-making. Follow-up care is limited due to financial constraints and long travel distance. Post-operative optical rehabilitation with spectacles or contacts are typically not realistic options, which makes primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in children highly important for treating associated amblyopia.
KeywordsChildhood cataracts Childhood blindness Intraocular lens Developing world Low-income countries Pediatric cataract surgery
- 2.UNICEF. The state of the world’s children 2008: child survival. New York: UNICEF; 2008. [November 9, 2014].Google Scholar
- 3.World Health Organization. State of the world’s sight: vision 2020: the right to sight: 1999–2005. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2005. [November 9, 2014].Google Scholar
- 9.Lin H, et al. Congenital cataract: prevalence and surgery age at Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center (ZOC). PLoS One. 2014;9 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101781.
- 13.World Health Organization. Preventing blindness in children. Report of a WHO/IAPB scientific meeting. 1999 WHO/PBL/00.77.Google Scholar