Advertisement

Contextualizing the State Structure Requisite for Africa’s Development

  • N. Oluwafemi Mimiko
Chapter
  • 15 Downloads
Part of the Palgrave Handbooks in IPE book series (PHIPE)

Abstract

This chapter examines the structure of the state that is needed to facilitate economic development in Africa. Despite the fact that Africa has for so long experimented with a variety of developmental models, the continent remains the basket case of development, with deleterious implications, some, of truly global dimensions, for its people. The literature is suffused with suggestions that Africa’s unenviable location on the global development continuum is a consequence of at least one of the following factors: colonialism, a global system that is skewed against its interests, inclement geography, application of wrong policy frameworks, corruption, shortage of relevant institutions, poor leadership, lack of will, and capacity to prosecute appropriate policy measures that would seem to have engendered more positive outcomes elsewhere. Several of the advertised promise of globalization—shared prosperity, freer movement of production factors, a more equitable system, and so on—have become ephemeral for Africa. As a phenomenon that defines the boundaries of engagement in today’s world, globalization continues to entrench the dependent status of African nations on a global economic system, over which they have tenuous control, and which has not demonstrated a credible degree of commitment to the continent.

References

  1. Acmoglu, D., and J.A. Robinson. 2012. The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty: Why Nations Fail. New York: Crown Publishing Group, a division of Random House Inc..Google Scholar
  2. Amsden, A.H. 1989. Asia’s Next Giant: Korea and Late Industrialization. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Carbonnier, G., P. Chakraborty, E. Dalle Mulle, and C.I. Presente. 2013. Asian And African Development Trajectories: Revisiting Facts and Figures. International Development Policy, Policy Brief-Working Papers, The Institute, Geneva. Online since 28 May 2013, connection on 24 January 2018. http://journals.openedition.org/poldev/682. Accessed 22 Nov 2018.
  4. Churchill, W. 2004. Comparative Politics in Transition, ed. J. McCormick. 4th ed. Belmont: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.Google Scholar
  5. Conway, E. 2009. 50 Economics Ideas You Really Need to Know. London: Quercus.Google Scholar
  6. Cortes, C.L., and C.S. Flores. 2013. Introduction. In Democratic Renewal vs. Neoliberalism: Towards Empowerment and Inclusion. Sixth South-South Institute, Santiago de Chile, Buenos Aires: Latin American Council of Social Science.Google Scholar
  7. Court, J., and T. Yanagihara. (n.d). Asia and Africa into the Global Economy: Background and Introduction. http://unu.edu. Accessed 22 Nov 2018.
  8. dos Santos, J.F. de Sousa. 2015. Why SMEs Are Key to Growth in Africa. 04 August. www.weforum.org. Accessed 5 Dec 2018.
  9. Dwoden, R. 2009. Africa: Altered States, Ordinary Miracles. London: Portobello Books Ltd..Google Scholar
  10. Falola, T., ed. 2000. Africa, Vol I: Africa History Before 1885. Durham: Carolina Academic Press.Google Scholar
  11. Federal Government of Nigeria. 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (as amended).Google Scholar
  12. Friedman, M. 1971. A Theory of the Consumption Function. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 6th Printing.Google Scholar
  13. Friedman, M., and A. Schwartz. 1963. A Monetary History of the United States, 1867–1960. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Ihonvbere, J., ed. 1989. The Political Economy of Crisis and Underdevelopment in Africa: Selected Works of Claude Ake. Lagos: JAD Publishers.Google Scholar
  15. ———. 1995. Beyond Governance: The State and Democratization in Africa. Journal of Asian and African Studies 50: 141–158.Google Scholar
  16. Johnson, C. 1994. What Is the Best System of National Economic Management for Korea? In Korea’s Political Economy: An Institutional Perspective, ed. L. Cho and Y.H. Kim. Boulder: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  17. Keynes, J.M. 1936. The General Theory of Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  18. Kim, Dong-Hyun. 1994. Development experience and future direction of the Korean experience. Korea Observer XXV (2, Summer).Google Scholar
  19. Kishtainy, N. 2012. Marxist Economics. In The Economics Book. London: DK Publishing.Google Scholar
  20. Kumar, L.T., et al. 1995. The State or the System? The Role of the State in the Economic Development of Greece and Korea. The Korea Journal of International Studies 26 (1, Summer).Google Scholar
  21. Lim, Youngil. 1981. Government Policy and Private Enterprise: Korean Experience in Industrialization. Berkeley: Centre for Korean Studies.Google Scholar
  22. Meles Zenawi Foundation. 2015. Concept Note on Symposium of The African Democratic Developmental State. Kigali, August 21.Google Scholar
  23. Mimiko, N.O. 1995a. The Structural Adjustment Program and the Deepening of the African Economic Crisis. In Crises and Contradictions in Nigeria’s Democratization Program, 1986–1993, ed. N.O. Mimiko. Akure: Stebak Publishers.Google Scholar
  24. ———. 1995b. From Agitation for Human Rights to the Pursuit of Power: The Impact of Human Rights Organizations on Nigeria’s Aborted Democratization Program. In Crises and Contradictions in Nigeria’s Democratization Program, 1986–1993, ed. N.O. Mimiko. Akure: Stebak Publishers.Google Scholar
  25. ———. 1997. The Capitalist Developmental State and the Invalidation of Neo-Classicism in South Korea. Korea Observer XXVVIII (2, Summer).Google Scholar
  26. ———. 1998a. Marx and Peripheral Social Formations: The Significance of the Political Economy Approach. The Nigerian Journal of the Social Sciences 11 (1).Google Scholar
  27. ———. 1998b. The State and the Growth/Development Agenda: Africa and East Asia in Context. In Issues in Nigerian Government and Politics, ed. D. Kolawole. Ibadan: Dekaal Publishers.Google Scholar
  28. ———. 1998c. Economic Crisis and the Consolidation of Democracy in South Korea. Ife Social Sciences Review, OAU, Ile-Ife, July, 275–284.Google Scholar
  29. ———. 2011. Africa in World Politics: The Dynamics of a Continent’s Shrinking Space in a New Global System: The Laurent Gbagbo Metaphor. Keynote Paper, University of Texas at Austin Africa Conference, Austin, March 25.Google Scholar
  30. ———. 2012. Globalization: The Politics of Global Economic Relations and International Business. Durham: Carolina Academic Press.Google Scholar
  31. ———. 2017. Leadership and Development in Africa: Trends and Future Outlook. Keynote Address, 3rd Public Administration Faculty Conference, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, November 27.Google Scholar
  32. ———. 2018a. Trends, Future Outlook of Africa’s Leadership, Development. New Telegraph, Abuja, January 1, 2, 3.Google Scholar
  33. ———. 2018b. The Cultural Context of Policy Choices, and Development Outcomes in Africa and East Asia. The Toyin Falola @ 65 Conference, on African Knowledges and Alternative Futures, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, January 29–31.Google Scholar
  34. Moore, M. 1989. The Fruits and Fallacies of Neoliberalism: The Case of Irrigation Policy. World Development 17 (11): 1733.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Olomola, I. 1969. Main Trends in African History: From Earliest Times to 1900. Ado-Ekiti: Omolayo Standard Press.Google Scholar
  36. Pae, P. 2018. South Korea’s Chaebol. Bloomberg, January 14, updated October 5, 2018. www.bloomberg.com. Accessed 18 Dec 2010.
  37. Reynolds. 1985. Cited in Zubair Iqbal, Moshin S. Khan (eds.). (1998). Trade Reforms and Regional Integration in Africa. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.Google Scholar
  38. Richardo, D. 1817. The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. London: John Murray.Google Scholar
  39. Sachs, J.D. 2005. The End of Poverty: How We Can Make it Happen in Our Lifetime. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  40. Smith, A. 1776. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. London: W. Strahan and T. Cadell.Google Scholar
  41. Stiglitz, J.E. 1996. Some Lessons from the East Asian Miracle. The World Bank Research Observer. 11 (2): 151.  https://doi.org/10.1093/wbro/11.2.151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Stoessinger, J.G. 2001. Why Nations Go To War. Belmont: Wadsworth/Thomson.Google Scholar
  43. Tejada, C. 2017. Money, Power, Family: Inside South Korea’s Chaebol. New York Times, February 17. www.nytimes.com. Accessed 4 Oct 2018.
  44. The Economist. 1996. Chicago’s Nobel Prize Savages, London, March 3.Google Scholar
  45. ———. 2016. Africa’s Fragile Democracies. London, August 20.Google Scholar
  46. Upadhyay, A., and Y. Mante. 2018. Supporting the Growth of MSMEs Across Africa: Why We Invested in Lidya. Omidyar Network. http://medium.com. Accessed 18 Dec 2018.
  47. Walsh, J. 1993. Asia’s Different Drum. Time Magazine, June 14.Google Scholar
  48. Woo-Cumings, M., ed. 1999. The Developmental State. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  49. World Bank. 1993. The East Asian Miracle: Economic Growth and Public Policy. Washington DC: The World Bank.Google Scholar
  50. Xinhua News Agency on Twitter, 19/02/18. www.xinhuanet.com. Accessed 4 Feb 2018.
  51. Zakaria, F. 2018. Give South Korea a Gold Medal. Washington Post, Writers Group, February 8.Google Scholar
  52. Zhao Lei. 2018. Anti-Poverty Campaign Goal. China Daily, February 20. www.chinadaily.ccom.cn. Accessed 4 Feb 2018.
  53. https://www.ifc.org. Accessed 20 Dec 2018.
  54. http://medium.com. Accessed 20 Dec 2018.
  55. www.thisdaylive.com. Accessed 20 Dec 2018.
  56. @ProfOsinbajo. Accessed 23 Dec 2018.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Oluwafemi Mimiko
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceObafemi Awolowo UniversityIle-IfeNigeria

Personalised recommendations